Paul Romer

Chief Economist and Senior Vice President, World Bank
Paul Romer's research on catch-up growth in low- and middle-income countries has emphasized the importance of government policies that encourage orderly urban expansion.

Why you should listen

Paul Romer believes in the power of ideas. He first studied how to speed up the discovery and implementation of new technologies. But to address the big problems we'll face this century -- insecurity, harm to the environment, global poverty -- new technologies will not be enough. We must also speed up the discovery and implementation of new rules, of new ideas about how people interact.

Throughout human history, big improvements in systems of rules took place when new governments entered the scene. In today's world, this process has been largely shut down. To bring it back to life, Romer proposes that we create new cities where people can go to escape from bad rules and opt in to new and better ones. With better rules, people can be safe, self-interest can protect the environment, and investment can bring families all the resources that the modern world has to offer.

Romer took office as the World Bank's Chief Economist and Senior Vice President in October 2016.

What others say

“Paul Romer has had a massive and profound impact on modern economic thinking and policymaking. ... [His work] transforms economics from a ‘dismal science' that describes a world of scarcity and diminishing returns into a discipline that reveals a path toward constant improvement and unlimited potential. Ideas, in Romer's formulation, really do have consequences. Big ones.” — ReasonOnline

Paul Romer’s TED talks

More news and ideas from Paul Romer


A radical idea unveiled: Charter Cities: Paul Romer on

August 5, 2009

How can a struggling country break out of poverty if it’s trapped in a system of bad rules? Economist Paul Romer unveils a bold idea: “charter cities,” city-scale administrative zones governed by a coalition of nations. (Could Guantánamo Bay become the next Hong Kong?) (Recorded at TEDGlobal 2009, July 2009 in Oxford, UK. Duration: 18:30) […]

Continue reading

Twitter Snapshot: Inventors of Session 7

July 23, 2009

A thread runs through this session, captured best here: @Thandelike When inventors “get mad” about the world’s disasters they get to work. Love that. Economist Paul Romer unveils a plan for Charter Cities — brand-new places where the economic rules are reset. It could create opportunity for people now trapped in badly managed regimes (the […]

Continue reading

Paul Romer at TEDGlobal 2009: Running notes from Session 7

July 23, 2009

Paul Romer is a Stanford economist with radical ideas for new global growth. The first to the stage this morning, he has a little difficulty with his slides and jokes, “My work is about how wonderful technology is.” When the first slide does appear he urges us look at the picture of African students doing […]

Continue reading