史蒂夫.希伯曼:
關於「自閉症」被遺忘的歷史

TED2015 · 13:48 · Filmed Mar 2015
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在幾十年前,只有少數的小兒科醫生曾經聽過自閉症。在 1975 年,估計每 5,000 名兒童之中才有 1 位患有自閉症。但是到了現在,估計每 68 名兒童就有 1 位落在自閉症光譜上。是什麼原因造成自閉症患者的急速增加?史蒂夫.希伯曼認為,引起自閉症意識的「完美風暴」起源於:有兩位醫生提供了更讓人接受的觀點,一個讓人意想不到的流行文化出現,以及一個新的診斷方式問世。但要真正理解自閉症,我們必須追溯到一位名為漢斯.亞斯伯格的奧地利醫師,他在 1944 年發表了一篇開創性的論文。但也因為這篇論文被埋沒在歷史之中,直到現在自閉症仍然遭受許多誤解。(本演講是 TED2015 會議上,由 Pop-Up 雜誌所策劃的其中一場。聯絡方式請洽 popupmagazine.com 或 Twitter 上的 @popupmag)

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Steve Silberman is a writer and contributing editor for Wired who covers science and society. His newest book explores neurodiversity and the link between autism and genius. Full bio
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