Paul Collier’s book The Bottom Billion shows what is happening to the poorest people in the world, and offers ideas for opening up opportunities to all.
Paul Collier studies the political and economic problems of the very poorest countries: 50 societies, many in sub-Saharan Africa, that are stagnating or in decline, and taking a billion people down with them. His book The Bottom Billion identifies the four traps that keep such countries mired in poverty, and outlines ways to help them escape, with a mix of direct aid and external support for internal change.
From 1998 to 2003, Collier was the director of the World Bank's Development Research Group; he now directs the Centre for the Study of African Economies at Oxford, where he continues to advise policymakers.
“Forty percent of all post-conflict situations, historically, have reverted back to conflict within a decade.”
“Does an election produce an accountable and legitimate government? What an election produces is a winner and a loser. And the loser is unreconciled.”
“In post-conflict situations we don’t just need Doctors Without Borders, we need Bricklayers Without Borders.”