Ray Kurzweil is an engineer who has radically advanced the fields of speech, text and audio technology. He's revered for his dizzying -- yet convincing -- writing on the advance of technology, the limits of biology and the future of the human species.
Henry Markram is director of Blue Brain, a supercomputing project that can model components of the mammalian brain to precise cellular detail -- and simulate their activity in 3D. Soon he'll simulate a whole rat brain in real time.
Jeff Hawkins pioneered the development of PDAs such as the Palm and Treo. Now he's trying to understand how the human brain really works, and adapt its method -- which he describes as a deep system for storing memory -- to create new kinds of computers and tools.
Kathryn A. "Katie" Whitehead's lab builds tiny packages that deliver medicine to the right places in the body with the goal of engineering safe and effective drug delivery systems. She's currently studying the lipid particles that deliver the COVID-19 mRNA vaccines.
Chen Qiufan (aka Stanley Chan) is an award-winning author, translator and curator. He is the co-author of the new book "AI 2041: Ten Visions for Our Future" and was selected as a culture leader by the World Economic Forum in 2019.