Biggles Bristol

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Noface
Biggles Bristol
Posted over 4 years ago
What are the effects of taxes on motivation and productivity?
I'm not sure the level of taxes really affects motivation or productivity per se... There are only three options for someone who wants to pay less tax: avoid it, evade it or get on with it. Definitely when you are saving every penny and trying to make more each month than goes out in bills, taxes hurt. Or when you are self employed and fight tooth and nail for a contract, only to have to write a cheque to the taxman at the end of it, they really hurt. But however much it hurts, what can you do? You can find legal ways to not pay tax, perhaps by changing nationality, or you can go black-hat and make all your transactions in cash. I can't imagine a situation where people would work *less* as a result of higher taxes. Essentially: increasing taxes might lead to less people *paying* taxes altogether, but working less hard? I doubt it. (there is also the effect on personal or corporate spending that increased taxes create, as Krisztián Pintér mentions, but that's an entirely different kettle of fish)
Noface
Biggles Bristol
Posted over 4 years ago
Why do so many think that population growth is an important issue for the environment? Don't they know the facts of demographics?
This is a trick question, no? Total resources used (or greenhouse gasses generated etc) = individual consumption X population We have huge efforts involved in reducing individual consumption (as well we should) and it's something we actually have some control over, but any change in population is going to have an equally important affect on the environment. This isn't to say that we should start culling people. If anything, recognizing that population growth is important should lead to an increased focus on talking poverty, education and family planning in the developing world. Not as a substitute for reducing personal consumption, but in conjunction with it. If we really are already using 5 earth's worth of resources, we need to put the brakes on hard wherever we can find them.