Jack Huang Posted almost 2 years ago Eric X. Li: A tale of two political systems I agree that Mao's personal reign was, to put it almost comically lightly, inefficient. But, after his death, the CCP allowed itself to admit that it needed to change with the times. I agree that gradual economic evolution under Mao would've been better than Deng's sudden, massive reforms, but if we look at the CCP now, and of the last twenty years, it's behaviorally quite different from the CCP under Mao's rule. While it may adopt fewer changes than a comparable democracy and misprioritize which changes to adopt first, it has the advantage of likely acting quickly and decisively once the CCP decides on what it wants to do. You'll find little disagreement from me regarding the state of the CCP directly under Mao, but (and yes, I know I'm exaggerating your position a bit) the same criticisms don't simply carry over to the modern CCP. To address both of your points at once, I'm curious as to whether you can actually make a solid argument that the Chinese economy would be significantly better off without CCP rule. How would you support the argument that hypothetical China, starting from its real historical state of affairs in the 1960s, would transition effectively to a functional democracy (I assume your alternative to the CCP isn't simply a different authoritarian regime) capable of greater economic growth, industrialization, and urbanization than the real China has experienced in the last 30 years?