Mark Sturgell Posted about 2 years ago What are the advantages/disadvantages of learning models that exist outside of traditional educational institutions? I apologize for coming into the conversation late, however, I believe I can direct many of you toward a valuable resource. Tufts Unversity Institute for Applied Research in Youth Development have been studying these issues for some time now. Most recently they have released results of a study funded by the National 4-H Council which are highly informative and provide traditional education and other youth development efforts plenty to learn. http://ase.tufts.edu/iaryd/researchPositive4H.htm The “Big Three” features of effective youth-serving programs are: ■ Positive and sustained relationships between youth and adults. ■ Activities that build important life skills( and lead to mastery in some areas) ■ Opportunities for youth to use these life skills as both participants and as leaders in valued community activities. Few educational opportunities provide even these three features. The sooner they do, the better off we'll be.