Paul Fretenborough

Indianapolis, IN, United States

Someone is shy

Paul hasn't completed a profile. Should we look for some other people?

Comments & conversations

Noface
Paul Fretenborough
Posted over 3 years ago
Against obvious logic, what is the reasonable case for Intelligent Design/God's existence? If not, why is the thought of such so prevalent?
I was raised a very strict christian that believed the bible entirely and literally to be the word of "god". I always told myself I believed because all my family and peers did and I really thought it was the right thing but always had tremendous doubt. Around the age of 15 i realized that I didn't have the ability to truly believe it all no matter how much I wanted to. I thought I would burn an eternity in hell if I couldn't believe but It was beyond my capability to trick myself and bypass reason, you simply can't tell yourself that you are a cat and actually BELIEVE that you are a cat, you will always know the truth deep inside. I've always been a very logical person and have argued on both sides of this debate at different times in my life and all I can say is that any argument in favor of creationism used circular logic or just plain opinion. Logic and creationism don't mix. Whether you believe the Big Bang or "God" story, you have to except the fact that time and matter either always existed or appeared instantaneously and we have no capacity to comprehend the infinite reach of time and space. We all know that gravity exists because we can witness it's effect not because we can see the force itself, but nobody would come to the assumption that if an apple falls off a tree, an invisible man must have pulled it down. The desire to believe that even though we can't fulling explain something, there must be an intelligence that can, is inherent in our evolutionary need for causation which is why humanity has given birth to so many gods and religions. This is a phenomenon that is better understood every day and though this trait has allowed us to reach our technological pinnacle, we have to, as a society, come to the realization that everything is bound to the laws of nature, physics, and causation. Besides, no christian today would believe any of the biblical miracles if they were reported in America, that's why they aren't all Mormons.
Noface
Paul Fretenborough
Posted over 3 years ago
Why is the idea of education so strongly tied to a structured and systematic way of learning? Do other teaching styles have equal value?
Personally, I found structured education to be the most abhorrent and belittling experience in my life. To punish mistakes as flaws in a persons comprehension of knowledge instead of acknowledging them as a part of the learning process only serves to make children really not give a rats! It's only purpose is to condition you for a life in a society where you have the privilege of obeying authority without question and subjecting yourself to the repetition of day to day life where routine is "god". I've endeavored to unlearn all the conditioning that it instilled in me and am enjoying a much higher quality of life for it. I've learned 100 times more through independent studies and reading after school than I ever did during. Everybody learns differently and schools teach one way for one purpose, obey.
Noface
Paul Fretenborough
Posted over 3 years ago
Will putting a value on nature help preserve the biodiversity?
Many points to be made here. We need to stop acting like there is an ecosystem out there and realize we are as a species a very large part of it. Bees live in hives made from regurgitated substrates found only in the form it is because of bees and yet nobody prosecutes them for ruining the environment. Everything humans have done IN the ecosystem not TO it are not irreversible or even perversions of nature. We are nature and all the materials we use to create our societies have come from nature. We are apex predators that through ensuring our own well being have put many other competitor species at risk or killed off outright. %99.99 of species that ever lived are now extinct according to our fossil record and humans aren't responsible for it all. Many animals have made other species extinct in the course of natural selection and nobody calls those animals immoral or unethical. Change drives evolution and we need to be comfortable with that. We are simply afraid that the ecosystem will become unlivable to US if we change it to much which is the checks and balances system that nature is sure to implement. When resources get low, people will die out. Then resources replenish, and population increases. The problem fixes itself. Attaching a hyper-inflating fiat currency with no intrinsic value to a complex system with self regulating emergent qualities is a good way to make guilt ridden tax payers further enslaved to a fascist government all in the name of buying back the environment to save non-adaptive species.
Noface
Paul Fretenborough
Posted over 3 years ago
is consciousness a brain chemical reaction?
Because humans evolved on a planet with a set amount of elements, everything that we and all other organisms are made of and function metabolically with are chemicals that are conducive to being stable in our environment. Hydrogen will always bind to oxygen when the correct environment is available much like how our brains have to use whatever chemicals are available in our internal environment to translate information into functions to allow us to interact properly with the circumstances we are confronted with. The only reason psilocybin ,or any other drug for that matter, effect us is because they are chemicals that are already existing in our brains used in much smaller amounts to produce emotional and logical triggers that signal threats or rewards in our environment. Consciousness is simply our ability as humans to interpret our sensory input beyond instinctual reaction and actually link new experiences to old memories as well as predict future outcomes or simulate experiences that haven't actually taken place. That is the main adaptation the frontal lobe gives us. If our brains used riboflavin in chemical reactions to interpret pleasure, many fruits and vegetable would synthesize effects similar to opium and would be consider drugs but our brains just don't happen to have receptors for that chemical. Much like how catnip works on cats but not humans. Consciousness is a chemical and electrical process. Drugs are like software for our minds. Our minds read the chemical data and try to interpret it but it's simply in the wrong format to be understood properly and is displayed in a distorted fashion upon our mental screen.