- mike fernandes
Gravitational time dilation of photons explains Dark Energy
In the Gravitational Redshift process, a photon's wavelength is stretched & energy is lost by Gravitational Time Dilation. This lost energy by the photon, stretches space (more than already was), & photon's frequency is stretched or redshifted as a consequence. There would also have been a slowing of time, keeping c = c. Wouldn't this mean an expansion or stretching of space, if photon is received with less energy than when emitted?
Process in Quantum Field Theory & Quantum Mechanics:
Following photon along its path between these two gravity wells (galaxies), as this photon is undergoing gravitational red-shifting, it is losing energy, & having its frequency red-shifted. It would be losing a quantum packet of energy as it is being gravitationally red-shifted
This photon would be losing quantum packets at a rate determined by its travel through curved space. The more space is stretched, the more quantum packets of energy were lost. If a photon is received with less energy than when it arrived, those quantum packets are still out there, along its path.
The redshift in photons due to the expansion of the universe, is actually (in part), the cause of the expansion, by the same processes in Gravitational Redshifting. Also, since any frequency redshifting of photons could just of well have been from gravitational redshifting, since they can have the same effect. Looking at it from the prospective of General Relativity. Supported here: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/relativ/gratim.html#c1
In other words, the energy lost by photons in our universe due to gravitational time dilation & the consequent extra stretching of space, must surely be the source of Dark Energy.
This would also neatly explain what actually happens to the lost energy of photons that have been redshifted.
Also, when you consider all of the different photons out there, across the entire spectrum (not just visible), I believe you have the amounts needed to explain D.E.