Wanir Barroso

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, UFRJ - Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

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Malaria affects half a billion people, 40% of the population live at risk of contracting the disease and more than one million children die.

Malaria affects half a billion people, 40% of the population live at risk of contracting the disease and more than a million children die every year on the planet.The problem is that. Malaria reaches Brazilians, Americans, Canadians, Mexicans,Asians, Indians, Chineses, Europeans, Africans, South Americans ....and more than one hundred countries. The discussion is open. I invite all the TED community, teachers, college students, researchers to think big on this subject that have the greatest responsibility for mastering the knowledge. Who qualifies? We can not be blind, deaf and dumb on this public health problem. What can we do to prevent this tragedy let pass through our eyes every day? Dr Wanir Barroso, sanitarian and researcher in epidemiology by the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation / RJ

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    Jan 16 2012: First of all, Haley, you ROCK! That is where we should all start and change the world a little at a time. Nice work.
    Dr. Barroso,
    I am familiar with malaria but it is not endemic to my area. Because of this, I do not follow the research as closely as I would like. I am asking for a summary and update on Malarial disease.

    Last I heard there was a vaccine under development and being tested. Where are we with this data?

    I know malaria is a vector borne illness and one route of prevention is to kill off the vector. This has proven to be notoriously difficult. Next line of defense is to prevent bites both mechanically and chemically. Again, difficult for compliance especially in children with limited resources.

    I also know that carriers of sickle cell have a gene that is implied in resistance to this disease. I am not sure where we are on this research either. It seems to me that genes code for proteins and somehow this protein prevents this disease. Where are we on this research? Have we identified a compound that somehow prevents malarial disease or is this correlation just beginning to be investigated?

    Again, I would love to participate in brainstorming. I just need to begin somewhere:)
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      Jan 16 2012: Hello Linda, thanks for sending us your questions and request clarification. Really malaria do not have a specific and effective vaccine. There are two groups studying the development of a vaccine, one in Europe and one in South America. Tells you that we are still far from having a vaccine that protects humans from malaria by various technological and biological reasons. With regard to the sickle cell anemia, they have an additional protection against malaria, because the shape of the sickle-shaped red blood cells, the receptor changes that prevent the penetration of Plasmodium (protozoan that causes malaria) in red blood cells. As I said to Haley, visit the blog MalariaBrasil, simply type my name into Google. There you will have videos and other information about the disease. And we keep talking about it because one of the problems of malaria control comes down to lack of information about the disease.
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        Jan 16 2012: Thank you for your summary and some day I promise I will do my research. But your statement 'one of the problems of malaria control comes down to lack of information about the disease.' give me a starting point.
        My suggestion would be to leverage your women.
        Women are all about kids. Its one of the priorities.
        There was a very successful campaign in my country to address breast cancer. They taught about breast cancer prevention to beauty shops. So ladies who cut hair were taught all about the disease, how to do self exams etc. Then they let the ladies teach other women as they sat for their haircuts.

        If you could figure out how to duplicate this process in your country it might help. Figure out where women congregate, beauty shops, markets, wherever. Teach those with the most exposure to teach women how to protect their children. What to do in the environment, how to use nets and repellant and how to recognize signs of disease and seek treatment. Make teaching materials available at all these places so they can take the information home and tale to other women. Waiting until they have an ill child might be too late.

        Leverage the natural behavior of women as caretakers of the children and the community. At least until the vaccines are ready.
        Just an idea.
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          Jan 16 2012: Linda, the control of malaria in the planet needs many voices, many arms and many legs, and many women like you and Haley Florio. As Haley has revealed cases of malaria have even here in New York, this surely must be an imported case in some endemic areas. I have instructional material, but does not allow the TED disclose here. The material is called "Know Malaria" Visit the blog-Malaria Brazil to meet him. He has translated into several languages. I invite you and Haley to become "American women in the struggle for control of malaria." Invite your friends to continue to discuss this global public health problem. http://malariabrasil.blogspot.com/
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        Jan 16 2012: Dr. Barroso
        I truly appreciate the invitation. Please understand I live in a place that rarely sees Malaria and I do have to consider the efficacy of my actions.
        Please understand I get it. I really do. You are watching children die needlessly and it is painful.
        You stated the problem is lack of information about malaria. My getting that information and disseminating it to my neighbors is not an efficacious use of resources.
        You need to get that information to the people that need it so they can do something about it. I am willing to help and brainstorm along those lines. What would bring us closer to solving the problem?

        What is the status of WHO on this? What have they done and what are they doing? Is it possible to piggy back on their initiatives?

        Have you checked the Jimmy Carter foundation. While their work focuses on Guinea Worm infestation, they have a lot of experience with inter and intra country disease eradication of parasitic disease.
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          Jan 17 2012: Dear beautiful Linda, I live in a place that isn't endemic malaria. You can do, and even seek partnership of our friend Haley, despite his 13 years, and create a blog that can be similar to mine in Brazil. He may be called "Malaria-USA Blog." The Internet, informs and brings people, believe that. In Malaria-USA blog you put the addresses of U.S. hospitals by state, from where to search for medical help to make the diagnosis and treatment of malaria. This is because that kills the malaria is the misinformation and delay diagnosis. You can for example, pass this information to the airlines or shipping to take and bring Americans of various sites around the world, many of them arrive with malaria there, and some progress to severe forms and death due to delayed diagnosis. The U.S. territory, today is a region of interrupted transmission, ie, no more malaria is endemic but has two important mosquitoes that transmit malaria, Anopheles Freeborn is one on the west coast and the other Anopheles quadrimaculatus most of the U.S. territory. If someone comes with malaria in these locations can reintroduce the disease and outbreaks or epidemics occur. Gradually you can post news of malaria in the USA, articles, experiences of those who have contracted the disease and another million things. You should not feel weak or powerless. If we do not fight for the values ​​we have and we need to transform the world will never evolve or change. If you wish, I can help you to build this site. You agree to the challenge?Invite your friends to talk here, new ideas emerge. I'm proposing we start to solve the problem of malaria in the USA, Africa and other continents will come us naturally. See the Malária-Brasil.blogspot.com
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    Jan 15 2012: I am only 13, and as you said this comment is open to everyone on TED, I will reply.
    My good friend Mia has malaria. There is a 50% chance she will die. Knowing this has made me want to help research to find a cure for malaria. Many of my friends and I have walked for malaria; we've collected over $500 so far, and it's been only a month. We are continuing to walk, collect money, recruit people, and make a difference for Mia and millions of other children/adults in the world.
    Last week, we not only continued to walk everyday, some of us have gone to hospitals to visit some malaria patients. I'm surprised to find out that malaria patients are not only in Africa, but in New York, too. When I make a malaria patient smile, my heart warms.
    Not only should we make a difference for malaria patients, but for cancer, lupus, and many others, too. I've lost more than enough close people to sicknesses, and I do not want to just sit back and watch it happen. I do not know if this is very helpful, but I'm hoping I can inspire you and many others to get out there and make a difference for everyone in the world.
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      Jan 15 2012: Dear Haley, my congratulations for your testimony and your explanation, despite his 13 years of age. The internet has this role to make people more educated, more informed, more compassionate regardless of age. I am a doctor of malaria and how you feel sympathy for these diseases that lead to great suffering and killing. Only good-hearted people care about them. If I had a trophy in my hands to represent the dignity and love of neighbor I would give you now. Type my name into Google and access the Malariabrasil, I maintain a site on the Internet to clarify and inform people.Tell me more of her friend Mia, I can try to help her.