- Vivienne Eggers
- Ubud Bali
Writing Thesis on Gaia Peace Philosophies Intl Law & Global Gov , Founder Gaia Life Way Intl Peace Institute
Should Beno the American Black Bear Go Home with Barrack Obama? International Laws to protect animal rights on loan or sold overseas.
Today I read the Jakarta Post Bali Edition and page 5 headlines "More animals at Surabaya Zoo on the brink of death" and a heart wrenching photo of an American Black bear named Beno sitting covered in tumours in a quarantine due to neglect.
Currently the zoo has 14 critically ill animals including Bawean deer, honey bear, Sumatran tiger, Koala bear and two camels. Almost 1000 animals have died at the zoo since 2008 - many reported to be ill from neglect and malnourishment. It is reported the zoo is in such state due to management issues and disputes.
This raises the issue of international protection and universal 'rights' of animals - and possible duties of international stakeholders when buying or supplying zoo or park animals from countries who do not have a strong domestic policy around the protection of cruelty to animals.
For example - should America and Australia provide bears to the zoo without ensuring the animals welfare? Should they (and international community) intervene and be legally able to enforce protections and remedies for the care of at the least the animals they have supplied?
This might best be served through developing international animal rights law (which is currently deficit) in alignment with international environmental law and with universal human rights.
Alternatively solutions achievable immediately - may be contractual agreements at the time of supply that build in protection and enforcement of the welfare of the animals.
Would this seem a reasonable extension of duty of care of first world domestic laws on animal protection?
Another issue is the purchase of animals from other countries and obligations by international community. E.g. the purchase of dolphins for theme parks from Japan after they mass slaughter (film The Cove). Is international law in the form of universal animal rights, the most feasible form of protecting animals who may form supply chain from or to countries deficit in domestic animal rights law