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What are the pros and cons of living in a subculture?
We are all, to some extent, part of communities that form subcultures that are in the underbelly of what is called "mainstream" culture.
For example, the gay community, Mormons, ethnicity-based cultures without any openness to others, etc.
Most often an individual engages in such communities just like he visits a membership club. However, quite often this community becomes more of a life than the life "outside" that enclave or enclosure.
Are there advantages of doing that? In some cases we hear of the ghetto, and related social issues like poor education opportunities, perceived propensity for crime, etc. Similarly for gay people. What are the disadvantages?
Is it possible that what we call "mainstream" culture is itself such an enclave that is prejudiced against too much diversity, and thus banishes the "others" into tiny pockets?
I may not have elaborated on the deeper aspects of this question, but would love to read comments that can do that.