This conversation is closed.


I'd like people to share about the extraordinary women through out history, any facts, anecdotes; so we can all get to know a little more about them and maybe inspire and motivate the extraordinary women yet to come.

Closing Statement from Helena Ripoll Hazell

Thank you to you all for your contributions to this conversation. I have thoroughly enjoyed reading about all the extraordinary women who have come forward.

I look forward to enganging with you all in future conversations.

Best wishes,


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    Jul 9 2011: A woman who has inspired me because of her courage in tackling a taboo topic in order to bring solace to many is Elizabeth Kubler Ross. She brought the issues of grief into the mainstream for study and discussion.
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      Jul 11 2011: Hi Debra,
      I first came across Dr. Kubler Ross when watching the movie 'All that Jazz' many years ago. I don't know if you have ever watched it but there is this comedian, who appears through out the movie, that does a sketch on her model of coping with dying. I have to admit, I find it rather funny, however I still have great respect for her work.
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    Jul 18 2011: Tracy Chapman
    Singer-songwriter, musician and activist.
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    Jul 12 2011: Here is the list of all the women who have been acknowledged:

    PART 1

    1.Harriet Tubman
    2.Minnie Vautrin
    3.Lucy Stone
    4.Fanny Kemble
    5.Irena Sendler
    6.Tan Sri Dr Zeti Akhtar Aziz
    7.Fatima Al Zahra
    8.Aisha bint Abu Bakr
    9.Lisa Randall
    10.Maria Goeppert Mayer
    11.Marie Curie
    12.Ada E. Yonath
    13.Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin
    14.Irène Joliot-Curie
    15.Elizabeth H. Blackburn
    16.Carol W. Greider
    17.Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
    18.Linda B. Buck
    19.Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
    20.Gertrude B. Elion
    21.Rita Levi-Montalcini
    22.Barbara McClintock
    23.Rosalyn Yalow
    24.Gerty Cori
    25.Herta Müller
    26.Doris Lessing
    27.Elfriede Jelinek
    28.Wislawa Szymborska
    29.Toni Morrison
    30.Nadine Gordimer
    31.Nelly Sachs
    32.Gabriela Mistral
    33.Pearl Buck
    34.Sigrid Undset
    35.Grazia Deledda
    36.Selma Lagerlöf
    37.Wangari Maathai
    38.Shirin Ebadi
    39.Jody Williams
    40.Rigoberta Menchú Tum
    41.Aung San Suu Kyi
    42.Alva Myrdal
    43.Mother Teresa
    44.Betty Williams
    45.Mairead Corrigan
    46.Emily Greene Balch
    47.Jane Addams
    48.Bertha von Suttner
    49.Elinor Ostrom
    50.Charlotte Brontë
    51.Margot Fonteyn
    52.María Montessori
    53.Coco Chanel
    54.Doña Mariana Pineda
    55.Leona Vicario
    56.Gertrudis Bocanegra
    57.Ethel McDonald
    58.Dorothy Day
    59.Dr.Siti Hasmah Mohamad Ali
    60.Eleonor Rooselvelt
    61.Meryl Streep
    62.Maria Antonieta D'Haspburgo
    63.Carolina D'Hapsburgo de las dos Sicilias
    64.Isabel La Catolica, De Castilla y Aragon
    65.Maria Estuardo de Escocia
    66.Eleanora D'Aquitania
    67.Margarita de Saboya
    68.Isabel de Portugal
    69.Twyla Tharp
    70.Iris Chang
    72. Simonetta Vespucci
    73.Grace O'Malley
    74.Mona Lisa
    75.Dr.Kiran Bedi
    76.Kalpana Chawla
    77.Neerja Bhanot.
    79.Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz
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    Jul 12 2011: Helena,

    A few more. Hope you don't already have these:

    German Philosopher Hannah Arendt,
    American Artist Georgia O'Keefe'Keeffe
    French Artist Louise Bourgeois
    Afghani activist Malalai Joya
    English writer Augusta Ada King, known as first computer programmer
    US Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper programmer behind COBOL language

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      Jul 12 2011: Hi Andrea,
      Malalai Joya and Augusta Ada King have already been mentioned but again, I look forward to reading about the rest.
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    Jul 11 2011: Jaycee Dugard.

    I just read her story in yahoo news & it realy hurt me. The way she has gone thru 18 years in abduction & survived is amazing. I think she is the latest extra ordinary woman in my opinion. Please go thru the link for the full story.
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      Jul 11 2011: Hi Rafi,

      Yes, her story is very disturbing. Giving birth for the first time can be scary let alone at 14 years old, alone and in your abductor's back yard.

      I wish her all the best in her new life.
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    Jul 8 2011: Helena,

    Indira Ghandi is high on my list. As are two women closer to my world:

    -- Burnsville Minnesota Mayor Elizabeth Kautz.

    Who just finished her term as President of the US Council of Mayors. Mayors are not known as change agents, they tend to policy pass-through agents. But she has influenced very impressive evolutions at the local, national and global level. All in her spiked-heels and sassy suits.

    Though I disagree with some of her leadership decisions, I am awestruck by her unstoppable energy and efforts to seriously listen to all sides. Her capacities as a "civic enabler" who sees and encourages the unique gifts of all around her to solve problems are remarkable.

    She works equally as respectfully with diverse groups. Everyone from scruffy young skateboarders, immigrants, aging white CEOs, to President Obama and other heads of state receives her engaged attention and often, her interests in learning from them.

    She is a consummate professional, so humble few are aware how she suffered with her husband, who died last Fall. She sat beside him in his fight against cancer, and has fought two serious bouts with cancer herself. Though she very much still grieves, she graciously declines focus on her losses, in favor of focusing equally as much on others. Always energized by discussions and work that seek to uplift culture and build big picture futures.

    -- Liz Kohagen, another Burnsville woman suffering deep loss. Her mother died this past January. Though only 27, LIz remains a quiet stalwart for her younger sisters and many people in the community, who visit her coffee shop (called: The Buzz.) Where everyone from motliest of the motley to richest of rich somehow feel so comfortable its unclear who is who.

    Liz has launched local artists and musicians (including some on clear path to national scene) by showcasing their fledgling work. Many sense something magical about her colorful coffee-shop and her peaceful, connective presence.

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      Jul 9 2011: Can you tell me who's Betty Ford? I heard that she died today and that she was a remarkable lady.You're an American,so can you tell me who she was? Maybe she too can be in this long list of extraordinary women. =)
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        Jul 9 2011: I'm not American but I'm passionately curious and here is what I found on Betty Ford:

        She was the wife of former United States President Gerald Ford and served as the First Lady of the United States from 1974 to 1977.
        Ford was noted for raising breast cancer awareness following her 1974 mastectomy and was a passionate supporter of, and activist for, the Equal Rights Amendment. Pro-choice on abortion and a leader in the Women's Movement, she gained fame as one of the most candid first ladies in history, commenting on every hot-button issue of the time, including feminism, equal pay, ERA, sex, drugs, abortion, and gun control. She also raised awareness of addiction when she announced her long-running battle with alcoholism in the 1970s.

        You can read more about her here:

        Reading about her led me to include too Alice Paul, an American suffragist and activist, who along with Lucy Burns, who I already mentioned right at the start of this conversation, led a successful campaign for women's suffrage that resulted in the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920.
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        Jul 9 2011: Correction:

        It was actually Lucy Stone who I had already mentioned, not Lucy Burns. However, I'm glad Lucy Burns turned up too.
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      Jul 9 2011: Hi Andrea,

      They sound like two incredible ladies. Thank you for including them here.
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      Jul 12 2011: I had it Indira Gandhi had already been mentioned but she hadn't. Shocking she hadn't come up yet!
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    Jul 8 2011: Helena, I have to thank you for this thread. I have returned here often.

    At lunch today in a small local restaurant, I sat at a table next to what appeared to be two sisters with their handicapped child. The love and tenderness that they showed to the profoundly handicapped child as they tube fed her through her abdomen and worked diligently to communicate with her was absolutely inspiring to me.
    Women are fantastic creatures in their capacity for love and caring, in their intellect and stamina. I am most proud to be a woman when I think of our contribution to the planet in these terms.

    While many famous women have inspired me, it is now and always has been the women in the trenches, those of great courage in real life who will never see any accolades that inspire and humble me most.
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      Jul 8 2011: Debra, it's so nice to see you here and thank you for your interest in this conversation.

      "While many famous women have inspired me, it is now and always has been the women in the trenches, those of great courage in real life who will never see any accolades that inspire and humble me most"...

      ...I feel the same way and in this conversation there is room to acknowledge all these extraordinary women too, the ones who may not appear on Google or Wikipedia but who, nevertheless, continue to be an example to follow by all, men and women.
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    Jul 8 2011: Alisa Miller

    Our modern day heroine helping to keep the 4th estate alive even if she has to rebuild it herself!!! Please check out her Ted E-book and the blog on it and also her tsill in process website Without a 4th estate democracy will die.

    Thank you Alisa
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    Jul 5 2011: Another local favorite (she summered here on my island) and a truly gracious and grand lady

    Julia Child

    Bon Appetit
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    Jul 3 2011: Eleanor Roosevelt

    "Beautiful young people are accidents of nature, but beautiful old people are works of art."
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      Jul 3 2011: Yes, Eleanor was an extraordinary woman, I agree. If you scroll down you'll find Lyndsay already mentioned her.
      Thanks for the quote.
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        Jul 3 2011: Helena, thanks.... Here at TED (as in life, too) I have a tendency to not keep pace with the steam of comments!
        In my eyes, women are mentors to men... And muses. I cringe when I see a woman "re-wire" herself to be accepted in the "man's world". Some very long-overdue societal changes will come when women are able to acquire the power to make them, I think.
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    Jul 1 2011: Here comes other two ladies from my country who are more contemporary
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      Jul 1 2011: I think I'm in love with Jahanara Imam.
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        Jul 1 2011: Hi Aizat
        She made a huge number of people to fall in love with her movement for trial of "war criminal" & she lead it until she lost to cancer.
        Good news is the preparation for that trial now going on.......but lot of politics around though.
        Thanks for your interest in reading those links.
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      Jul 1 2011: I read Sufia Kamal had a real talent for languages:
      "During her childhood, women's education was prohibited and she could not afford to get academic education. But she learnt Bangla, Hindi, English, Urdu, Arabic, Kurdish and Persian language from her house tutors".

      When I read about Jahanara Imam I was moved by her determination to overcome her illness and continue to do her work.
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        Jul 1 2011: Sufia Kamal was more than a literary figure. She become the MOTHER in 90's to the democracy seeking of people , when they were fighting the military autocrate and all the tyranny of that time in Bangladesh.

        Jahanara Imam became prolific with her movement to bring "war criminals" under trial while she herself was fighting against cancer!!! She was a mother, who sent her son to die for country , for freedom in her youth , lost her husband in that war as well but never gave up !Thanks for your interest in reading those links.
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    Jul 24 2011: Gloria Richardson

    Best known as the leader of the Cambridge Movement, a civil rights struggle in Cambridge, Maryland in the 1960s. The movement made significant strides against institutionalized racial discrimination in Cambridge by bringing attention to social injustices such as inadequate wages, poor housing, and poor health care.
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    Jul 23 2011: Here comes another one courtasy Birdia Tak Wai Chan in my thread

    Please ignore if Birdia has already mentioned it here and if it's already in your list, Helena.
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      Jul 23 2011: Wow, what a life story! And her twin babies! Incredible that the dead one revived and sad that the other died eventually.

      No, unfortunately Birdia Tak Wai Chan ( you are misspelling her name and I know, from my own experience, she will forgive you but would appreciate it if you corrected it) has not appeared in this conversation yet. I wish she did because her comments and contributions are always so refreshing and interesting.
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        Jul 23 2011: Thanks Helena , I corrected already. Sorry for that mis-spell though I am over cautious about spelling of name , it happened , that says "Error is Humane"
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    Jul 21 2011: Mary Shelley

    British novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, and travel writer, best known for her Gothic novel Frankenstein. Daughter of the philosopher and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft.
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    Jul 21 2011: Alice Walker
    African American author, poet, and activist. She has written both fiction and essays about race and gender. She is best-known for the critically acclaimed novel The Color Purple (1982) for which she won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.
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    Jul 21 2011: The elegant, ethereal, eternal

    Carmen deLavallade
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      Jul 21 2011: I love Alvin Ailey Dance Theatre Company, I saw them perform in London about a decade ago and I was completely mesmerized.
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    Jul 20 2011: Helena--

    Another came to mind, I imagine you have her, but, just in case: Carol Gilligan. Author of "In Another Voice."

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      Jul 22 2011: Hi Andrea,

      She hadn't come up yet. Thank you for mentioning her.
      I've just been reading about her in wikipedia and I'm impressed with her versatility; she played piano and pursued a career in modern dance during her graduate studies, received her B.A. summa cum laude in English literature from Swarthmore College, a master's degree in clinical psychology from Radcliffe College, and a Ph.D. in social psychology from Harvard University.
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    Jul 20 2011: You are welcome Helen, it's my pleasure if can add any value to your effort
    Here is another one
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      Jul 19 2011: Hi Salim,

      Again great contributions, thank you.

      Reading about Sylvia's young death made my heart turn, thinking about how much she must have been suffering to reach to that point.

      Razia sounds like a real character; like someone I would've liked to get to meet. Something that stayed with me when reading about her is how she refused to be addressed as Sultana because it meant "wife or mistress of a sultan". She would answer only to the title "Sultan".

      I like this extract from the inscription on the tomb of Jahanara:
      'Let no one cover my grave except with greenery,
      for this very grass suffices as a tomb cover for the poor'.

      Shabana is such a beautiful lady and from what I read, so good natured too.
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    Jul 18 2011: Kseniya Simonova

    Performance artist in sand animation and a philanthropist.
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    Jul 16 2011: If I have correctly read your list, possibly following ladies yet to be in your list, they are Florence Nightingale, Oriana Fallaci, Arundhati Roy
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      Jul 17 2011: Hi Salim,

      Florence Nightingale is already on the list however OrianaFallaci and Arundhati Roy aren't. Thank you for including them.

      That interview Oriana Fallaci did with Ayatollah Khomeini must have been really something:

      During her 1979 interview with Ayatollah Khomeini, she addressed him as a "tyrant" and managed to unveil herself from the chador:
      OF- I still have to ask you a lot of things. About the "chador," for example, which I was obliged to wear to come and interview you, and which you impose on Iranian women. [...] I am not only referring to the dress but to what it represents, I mean the apartheid Iranian women have been forced into after the revolution. They cannot study at the university with men, they cannot work with men, they cannot swim in the sea or in a swimming-pool with men. They have to do everything separately, wearing their "chador." By the way, how can you swim wearing a "chador"?
      AK- None of this concerns you, our customs do not concern you. If you don't like the islamic dress you are not obliged to wear it, since it is for young women and respectable ladies.
      OF- This is very kind of you, Imam, since you tell me that, I'm going to immediately rid myself of this stupid medieval rag. There !
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        Jul 17 2011: You are welcome.
        I read that interview right after it was published , in that early age I became her fan. Was amazed by her tenacity, courage in journalism though I have some reservation about some of her views ... thats different issue. I consider her to be one of the great lady journalism ever had .
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        Jul 17 2011: A very courageous lady she was!!!
  • Jul 15 2011: UK Activist Margaret Simey and MP Mo Molem
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    Jul 12 2011: PART 2

    80.Frida Kahlo
    81.Khadijah bint Khuwaylid
    82. Astrid Lindgren
    83.Svetlana Geier
    84.Karen Armstrong
    85.Monserrat Caballé
    86.Augusta Ada King
    87.Harriet Beecher Stowe
    88.Florence Nightingale
    89.Maria Zambrano
    91.Rabi'a Brasi - Rabi'a al-Adawiyya
    92.Mary Wollstonecraft
    93.Khertek Anchimaa-Toka
    94.Helen Keller
    95.Anne Frank
    96.Aung San Suu Kyi
    97.Gloria Steinem
    98.Shei Shonagon
    99.Leni Rienfenstahl
    100.Malalai Joya
    101.Santa Hildegarda Von Bingen,
    102.Artemisia Gentilleschi
    103.Gillian Lynne
    104.Isadora Duncan
    105.Martha Graham
    106.Roquia Sakhawat Hussain
    107.Sufia Kamal
    108.Jahanara Imam
    109.George Sand ---Armandine Aurore Lucile Dupin
    110.Virginia Woolf
    111. Simone de Beauvoir
    112.Eva Braun
    113.Safo di Mitilene
    114.Sophia Loren
    116.Elaina Smith
    117.Mum Shirl [Shirley Smith]
    118.May Gibbs
    119. Dorothea MacKellor
    120.Raden Ajeng Kartini
    121.Putlibai Gandhi
    122.Kasturba Gandhi
    123.Cristina Trivulzio Belgioioso
    124.Yingluck Shinawatra
    125.Josephine Baker
    126.Tun Fatimah
    127.Hypatia of Alexandria
    128.Rachel Louise Carson
    129.Julia Child
    132.Jeannette Rankin
    133.Kate Richards O'Hare
    134.Emma Goldman
    135.Gale Cincotta
    136.Alisa Miller
    137.Vanessa Gould
    138.Deepa Mehta
    139.Mariyn Monroe.
    141.Little Red Ridinghood
    143.Édith Piaf
    144.Paula Benavides
    145.Indira Gandhi
    146.Mayor Elizabeth Kautz.
    147.Liz Kohagen
    148.Betty Ford
    149.Alice Paul
    150.Lucy Burns
    151.Louise Arbour
    152.Mother A. Mangalam
    153.Elizabeth Kubler Ross.
    154.Flora Tristan
    155.Manuela Saenz
    156.Agatha Christe
    157.Jaycee Dugard.
    158.Charlotte Corday
    159.Margaret Mead
    160.Ella Baker
    161.Mary Catherine Bateson,
    162.Coleen Rowley
    163.Lucrezia Borgia
    164.Hannah Arendt
    165.Georgia O'Keefe
    166.Louise Bourgeois
    167.US Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper
    168.Margaret Simey
    169.Mo Mowlem
    170.Oriana Fallaci
    171.Arundhati Roy
    172.Zana Muhsen
    173.Nadia Muhsen
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    Jul 11 2011: Carissima Helena...Lucrezia Borgia ....refinada, definitivamente astuta y con muy mala prensa.
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    Jul 11 2011: Helena,

    Anthropologist Margaret Mead
    US Civil Rights Leader Ella Baker
    Writer Mary Catherine Bateson, author of "Composing a Life"
    French philosopher Simone de Beauvoir
    and FBI whistle-blower Coleen Rowley
    are among other favorites of mine.

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    Jul 10 2011: Helena, Flora Tristan, abuela de Paul Gaugin fue una mujer luchadora y precursora de las renovaciones ideologicas en Peru en el siglo XIX. Manuela Saenz fue amante de Simon Bolivar y precursora de las gesta de reivindicacion femenina en Latinoamerica, tambien conocida como "La Libertadora del Libertador"
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    Jul 9 2011: Helena puede ustedconsiderar a Charlotte Corday, heroìna francesa que muriò en la guillotina por haber liberado a Francia de la tiranìa sangrienta de Marat. Le apuñalò mientras se bañaba. Y en esa linea esta la heroina del antiguo Testamento
    Judith quien acabò con Holofernes.
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      Jul 11 2011: Hola Luigi,

      Charlotte Corday, vaya personaje¡
      Puede que sea un poco macabra pero me gusta el cuadro de Jacques-Louis David 'Death of Marat'
      Una vez hice una copia en carboncillo para un trabajo de clase, y creo que quizás me guste el cuadro porque me pusieron buena nota!
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        Jul 11 2011: Helena existe una pleyade de mujeres que en una dimension "macabra" aun causan sorpresa. No todas pueden ser madres amorosas o hermosas jovenes dispuestas al heroismo. Es interesante incluirlas en tu elenco ya que de todo hay, como en botica. Seguire presentandote ejemplos de mujeres especiales o diferentes y extraordinarias, si asi se puede decir.
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          Jul 11 2011: No Luigi, me refería a que yo era un poco macabra no Charlotte! Porque me gusta el cuadro de Jacques-Louis. Igualmente, en esta conversación hay espacio para todas las proposiciones, aunque yo pueda o no estar deacuerdo con el criterio de algunos/as.
          Estarê encantada de leer sobre las mujeres que propongas, sean las que sean. Siempre hay algo por aprender!
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    Jul 9 2011: For sheer guts, I would nominate Louise Arbour. former UN high Commissioner of human rights.
    She is a personal hero.

    Learn more about her here:
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    Jul 9 2011: Helena, te sugiero a Agatha Christie , escritora de novelas de misterio. El rasgo particular y genial de Agatha es que lavaba platos como forma de inspiracion, miles de platos, tenia en su casa cajas de vajillas solo para lavarlas una y otra vez y al hacerlo y mantener las manos ocupadas dejaba su imaginacion volando para construir las tramas y misterios de Poirot y otros personajes. En su segundo matrimonio se caso con un arqueologo, lo que a decir de ella, le parecia formidable ya que mientras mas envejecia, mas le interesaba.
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      Jul 11 2011: Hola Jaime,
      Agatha Christie, divina. Gracias por las anécdotas. ¿Cómo las conoces?
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        Jul 11 2011: Helena afortunadamente he logrado reunir una biblioteca de mas de cincomil titulos que me permiten conocer, revisar , confrontar y comprobar la informacion que puedo compartir ademas de contar con el acceso a las bibliotecas Vaticanas, por las investigaciones de la historiografia de los siglos virreinales en Mexico. En los cruces de datos encuentro miles de anecdotas, ademas de que soy coleccionista de libros y documentos antiguos viejos y curiosos.
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    Jul 8 2011: Helena, es muy importante y ademas desconocida la labor de Paula Benavides, la primera mujer impresora en la Nueva España en el siglo XVII, naciò en 1609 en la ciudad de Mèxico y fundo un linaje de mujeres impresoras. Paula publicò y promoviò la lectura y la escritura en la Nueva España editando y publicando las cartillas de aprendizaje del castellano y en lenguas originales durante mas de 40 años. Ademas fue la editora de mas de 300 volùmenes entre los que se encuentran los Villancicos de SorJuana Ines de la Cruz y el Catecismo en Lengua mexicana de Alonso Molina
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    Jul 8 2011: Gale Cincotta

    Community activist out of Austin in Chicago. A name no one would know except those of us who were activists with her in the cause of bank accountability to credit and deposit needs and convenience of local communities. The phenomenal gifts she gave to American communities, especially inner cities, ar not known by name to the avergae american The Community Reinvestment Act, The Home Mortgage Disclosure act. All totally undone by the deregulation that nearly crippled our nation and the world.

    An invsible heroof great courage and wisdom. It was under her umbrella that all I was able to achieve in my own anti redliniing work was possible in nYC..I am one of thousands of activists who in their own a communities were able to leverage their own work through Gale.

    A truly great lady.
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    Jul 7 2011: My mother Dorothy, who in many respects gave her life for us, her children.

    I was reading through the comments below and came to one that Helena made. She said, "all extraordinary women are welcome to this list, known or not." So I've included my mother here because she was so under-appreciated by me and my siblings while she was alive. long story...

    Thank you Helena for being such a good facilitator to this conversation.
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    Jul 5 2011: Hypatia of Alexandria

    Considered the first notable woman mathematician; she also taught philosophy and astronomy.
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    Jul 5 2011: Tun Fatimah, the Queen of Malacca.She fought with her people during the invasion of the Portuguese while the king was nowhere to be found.She expanded the empire up until the Indonesian northern frontier.She gave the Malaccans the spirit to fight off any form of imperialism.Today,she is recognised as the symbol of patriotism in our country.Plus,she proved to us all that we can be powerful and extraordinary if we wanted to.
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    Jul 4 2011: The glorious, notorious Josephine Baker

    "Surely the day will come when color means nothing more than skin tone, when religion is seen uniquely as a way to speak one's soul; when birth places have the weight of a throw of the dice and all men are born free, when understanding breeds love and brotherhood." ~ Josephine Baker
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    Jul 4 2011: Sacajaweawho guided the Lewis & Clark expedition
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    Jul 4 2011: Raden Ajeng Kartini.A Indonesian feminist leader.She fought for the rights of women in Indonesia.She too made her stand towards world peace.She wrote :"Religion must guard us against committing sins, but more often, sins are committed in the name of religion".She wrote a book titled "Letters of a Javanese Princess" which inspired many Indonesian and Malayan women to fight for their rights in education etc...

    Again,please tell me if you agree with me TED friends.Thank you.
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    Jul 3 2011: Helena para nosotros los italianos, la memoria de Cristina Trivulzio Belgioioso, una de las creadoras de la Patria y nacimiento de la Italia nueva, es insuperable.
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    Jul 3 2011: Putlibai Gandhi,Mahatma Gandhi's mother.She was the one who shaped Mahatma Gandhi into a very wise leader.She inculcated good values unto him of which helped him all through his life including during his struggles for India's independence.Unfortunately, I can't find any sites that tells about her life and biography.However, I can suggest a good book that captures her true essence of being.The title of the book is The Life of Mahatma Gandhi by Louis Fischer.

    TED friends,please tell me if you agree with my suggestion.Thank you.
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    Jul 1 2011: In my country she is fondly called "Begum Rokeya".
    The first person to fight for freedom for women in my part of the world during early part of 19th century, while country was under colonial rules and society was conservative enough to create a situation for women which can be comparable to today's women's right in Saudi Arabia.
    Check the link below
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      Jul 1 2011: Another amazing woman that died too soon. Thank you
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        Jul 1 2011: You are welcome.

        Yes she died too soon , as death snatched her away when she was just 51+.

        No she didn't die yet, as till today any movement for women right starts paying homage to her whether it's social level, intellectual community or even at country level at parliament in my country. She is not only seen & honoured as feminist but also a social reformer.
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    Jul 1 2011: Helena, una gran mujer que supo como vivir su vida fue Leni Riefendstahl, fotografa y cineasta alemana, que realizo el film "El Triunfo de la Voluntad" por orden de Adolfo Hitler y fue la primera actriz y cineasta en realizar peliculas con el tema del alpinismo.
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    Jul 1 2011: Helena como estas, es imposible completar la lista sin incluir a Shei Shonagon, escritora japonesa del siglo X, que dio vida a la primera novela conocida, "El libro de cabecera".
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    Jun 30 2011: Gloria Steinem Feminist
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      Jun 30 2011: Gloria Steinem:
      "This is no simple reform. It really is a revolution. Sex and race because they are easy and visible differences have been the primary ways of organizing human beings into superior and inferior groups and into the cheap labor on which this system still depends. We are talking about a society in which there will be no roles other than those chosen or those earned. We are really talking about humanism".

      I didn't know about her, thank you.
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    Jun 30 2011: Aung San Suu Kyi

    not sure about how politics really work in Burma but i am sure she got a strong spirit inside.
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    Jun 30 2011: Helena le propongo a Gillian Lynne, Isadora Duncan, Martha Graham (coreographers) and Artemisia Gentilleschi. (Pittrice rinascimentale)
  • Jun 30 2011: Rachel Louise Carson ,1907 - 1964, US marine biologist and author of Silent Spring, noted as the catalyst for the modern global environmental movement.
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      Jun 30 2011: Julie Anne..good one and a facorite here in Maine, of course, her book "A sense of Wonder" is still a favorite and whe the carpet of bunchberry blooms in my woods, as it is now, I always think of her..her words..her vision, her callto wonder.
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      Jun 30 2011: Hi Julie Ann,

      Another amazing woman who I didn't know about, thank you. Do you know where I could find her article "Help Your Child to Wonder," ?
      • Jun 30 2011: Hi Helena, I am not sure how you might obtain a copy of this article. However, it was later included in her book, "The Sense of Wonder". which is available at

        Lindsay, thanks for mentioning this book. I can see how the beauty of your home would be compatible with her love of nature and her sense of responsibility for the environment. It's nice to have that feeling of harmony with nature. :-)
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        Jul 5 2011: Helena her book is "A Sense of Wonder"
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    Jun 28 2011: Helena recuerdas a Maria Zambrano, extraordinaria pensadora y filosofa española del siglo XX?
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    Jun 27 2011: Malalai : The Afghan girl who led Afghans win 2nd Anglo Afghan War with british. The war took place in 1880 where thousand of british & Afghans were killed. Dont forget to go thru the link.

    A poem that let the Afghan win the war.

    "Young love! If you do not fall in the battle of Maiwand,
    By God, someone is saving you as a symbol of shame!"
  • Jun 27 2011: Harriet Tubman, 1820-1913, using the Underground Railway helped guide many US slaves to freedom, in perilous circumstances. She was also very active in the fight for women's suffrage.
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    Jun 27 2011: Florence Nightingale

    She was a pioneer of modern nursing, a writer and a noted statistician. She was the founder of the modern nursing profession.The work of the Nightingale School of Nursing continues today.
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      Jun 27 2011: The lady with the lamp...At the beginning of the 20th century, it was asserted that she reduced the death rate from 42% to 2%
      I wasn't familiar with the Crimean war, thank you.
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        Jun 28 2011: Yes! She was mission-driven.... a great person who did everytjhing she could to leave this world a better place than when she found it.
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    Jun 26 2011: Helena

    Notables mujeres mexicanas

    Erendira............. (heroina indigena purepecha que lucho durante la Conquista.)
    Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz............escritora
    Frida Kahlo.............pintora
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    Jun 26 2011: Carissima Helena

    Debo proponer a dos mujeres extraordinarias:


    Simonetta Vespucci

    (Simonetta fue la modelo que posò para Sandro Boticelli en la obra del "Nacimiento de Venus" y con ello creò el arquetipo universal occidental de belleza femenina. Era una mujer de la nobleza florentina, muy reconocida por su gran belleza y astucia.)
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    Jun 26 2011: I can think of a few - Mother Teresa, Dr.Kiran Bedi, Kalpana Chawla, Neerja Bhanot.
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    Jun 26 2011: Grannia

    The notorious Irish pirateQueen who single handedly kept theBritish off the coast of Ireland

    .( not at the same level of my other two picks, below, Mother Theresa and Eleanor Roosevelt) but another expample of the power of one

    . She stood alone ( with the fleet of pirates she commanded) against an entire nation

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    Jun 26 2011: Cara Helena en español es mas facil. Los napolitanos hablamos varias lenguas ademas del italiano y quiero proponer para su investigacion a la gran educadora italiana Maria Montessori, quien verdaderamente revoluciono en grado superior la educacion inantil. Tambien seria noble la presencia de Coco Chanel, y Doña Mariana Pineda ejemplar mujer y heroina historica. Y sin menoscabo de otras presencias considero que Leona Vicario y Gertrudis Bocanegra, heroinas mexicanas, pueden ser incluidas en su lista.
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    Jun 26 2011: Margot Fonteyn

    English ballerina of the 20th century
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      Jun 26 2011: Hi Ed,

      I don't seem to find any info on Mary - Maryām - Maryam, do you have any links to point me in the right direction? Or anything you'd like to particularly share about her?

      Also do you have any favourite poems attributed to Rabia Basri?
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        Jun 26 2011: Helena..

        Mary is the mother of Jesus

        Rabia(717-801) is one of the most beloved of islamic siants and wrote sensuous poems of spiritual rapture

        a poem showing her wisdom

        :"Live With Dignity Women. Live with Dignity, Men
        Few things will more enhance our
        as much"

        another small snippi

        t"The sky gave me its heart
        because it knew mine was not large enough to care
        for the earth the way
        it did"

        and one of my favorites:

        "It helps,putting my hands on a pot
        or a broom,in a wash pail
        I tried painting
        but it was easier to fly slicing
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          Jun 26 2011: Ah, I'm a little embarrassed now that I didn't realise it was that Mary he was referring to.

          Thank you for clarifying, Lyndsay. And thank you for the poems.
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      Jun 29 2011: Hi Ed,

      Thank you for the poem-'The one who tastes knows; The one who explains, lies'- I like that
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    Jun 25 2011: Tan Sri Dr Zeti Akhtar Aziz.She is the 7th and current governor of Bank Negara Malaysia, Malaysia's central bank.Here's the link

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    Jun 25 2011: I'm a frequent visitor of this website.

    It's mainly in German and it's all about extraordinary women.
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    Jun 25 2011: I think Lisa Randall is an extraordinry woman. Theoretical physics needs more women like her.
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    Jun 24 2011: Cara Signorina Helena, tutte le donne sono brave e bellamente straordinarie, tutte. io non posso dire questa o quella. Io dico todas las mujeres, todas son extraordinarias.

    Gracias por existir a todas.

    Conte Di Salaparuta Mordeforte
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      Jun 26 2011: Hola Conte Di Salaparuta Mordeforte,

      I'm sure you have already entered in many women's good list just by sayng all this. :-) However, do you know of any extraordinary women you'd particularly like us to know about? Maybe an Italian woman?
      I'm not familiar with Italian History and it would be great to get to know a little about it. It can be a figure who has stood out in whichever department-politics, music, science, literature, name it.
      I'm simply interested in doing some research and learning.

      Grazie mille per vostri complimenti (Non parlo italiano, spiacente!)

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    Jun 24 2011: Harriet Tubman
    Born into slavery,after receiving a severe head injury which caused her disabling seizures, headaches, powerful visionary and dream activity, and spells of hypersomnia, which occurred through out her entire life. She made her way to freedom alone as a young woman, then became the most famous conductor on the underground railroad. She made 19 dangerous trips back and forth, often disguised, escorting more than 300 slaves to freedom, always carrying a pistol, telling the fugitives, "You'll be free or die"
    She expressed her philosophy: "There was one of two things that I had a right to, liberty or death; if I could not have one, I would have the other, for no man should take me alive.
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    Jul 24 2011: PART 3

    174. Kseniya Simonova
    175. Sylvia Plath
    176. Razia Sultana
    177. Jahanara Begum Sahib
    178. Shabana Azmi
    179. Rani Lakshmibai
    180. Carmen de Lavallade
    181. Margaret Bourke-White
    182. Julia Margaret Cameron
    183. Dorothea Lange
    184. Alice Walker
    185. Bapsi Sidhwa
    186. Anne Sexton
    187. Gwendolyn Brooks
    188. Lillian Hellman
    189. Tracy Chapman
    190. Carol Gilligan
    191. Andrea Grazzini Walstrom
    192. Brigitte Kwan
    193. Margaret Walker
    194. Margaret Wright
    195. Patricia Robinson
    196. Dorothy Dix
    197. Helen Lynd
    198. Ruby Doris Smith-Robinson
    199. Mary King
    200. Amelia Boynton Robinson
    201. Gloria Richardson
    202. Mrs Rosa Parks

    All mothers and all the anonymous women who have been mentioned as well.
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    Jul 24 2011: Amelia Boynton Robinson

    She came to prominence in the 1960s as a leader of the American Civil Rights Movement in Selma, Alabama. A key figure in the 1965 march that became known as Bloody Sunday, she later became vice-president of the Schiller Institute affiliated with Lyndon LaRouche. She was awarded the Martin Luther King, Jr. Freedom Medal in 1990.
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    Jul 24 2011: Mary King (political scientist)

    Professor of Peace and Conflict Studies at the University for Peace.
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    Jul 24 2011: Ruby Doris Smith-Robinson

    She worked with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

    Like many young Black Americans of her generation, became convinced that change was possible. When Ruby Smith entered Spelman College in 1959, she quickly became involved in the Atlanta student movement after being inspired by the Greensboro North Carolina lunch counter sit-in, which prevented blacks from eating in the same lunch counter as white people did during her sophomore year. She participated in many sit-in's and was arrested a few times after getting involved in Atlanta student movement. She regularly picketed and protested with her colleagues in a bid to integrate Atlanta.

    When a delegation of SNCC staff was preparing to board a plane for Africa in the fall of 1964 to observe the successfulness of the nonviolence technique, an airline representative told them the plane was overbooked and asked if they would wait and take a later flight. This angered Ruby Smith-Robinson so much that without consulting the rest of the group she went and sat down in the jetway and refused to move. They were given seats on that flight.
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    Jul 24 2011: Helen Lynd

    American sociologist and social philosopher. Author of Shame and the Search for Identity and co-author of Middletown: A Study in Contemporary American Culture with husband Robert Staughton Lynd.
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    Jul 24 2011: Dorothy Dix ( pseudonym of U.S. journalist Elizabeth Meriwether Gilmer)

    America's highest paid and most widely read female journalist at the time of her death.
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    Jul 23 2011: Patricia Robinson

    Trinidadian economist and public servant. Wife of former President and Prime Minister A. N. R. Robinson, she served as the First Lady of Trinidad and Tobago during his administrations.

    In July 1990, members of the Jamaat al Muslimeen stormed The Red House in Port of Spain during an attempted coup. Several prominent members of the government were taken hostage during the coup attempt, including A. N. R. Robinson, who was the Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago at the time. At the height of the hostage crisis, a member of Jamaat al Muslimeen handed Prime Minister Robinson a note, from Patricia Robinson, that simply read "I love you." No one knows how Robinson was able to get the note to her husband during the Red House siege.
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    Jul 23 2011: Margaret Wright
    Was a third-party candidate for President of the United States and a community activist in Los Angeles, California.

    She once said she was not fighting for equality with men if it meant equality in the world of killing, the world of competition. "I don't want to compete on no damned exploitative level. I don't want to exploit nobody....I want the right to be black and me..."
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    Jul 23 2011: Margaret Walker
    African-American poet and writer

    ...'Let a new earth rise. Let another world be born. Let a bloody peace be written in the sky. Let a second generation full of courage issue forth, let a people loving freedom come to growth, let a beauty full of healing and a strength of final clenching be the pulsing in our spirits and our blood. Let the martial songs be written, let the dirges disappear. let a race of men now rise and take control!'
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    Jul 23 2011: Mrs Rosa Parks

    A seamstress who refused to obey the Montgomery law providing for segregation on city buses, she decided to sit down in the "white" section of the bus. She explained why saying:

    'Well, in the first place, I had been working all day on the job. I was quite tired after spending a full day working. I handle and work on clothing that white people wear. That didn't come into mind but this is what I wanted to know:
    When and how would we ever determine our rights as humans beings?...It just happened that the driver made a demand and I just didn't feel like obeying his demand. He called a policeman and i was arrested and placed in jail'...
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    Jul 22 2011: Helena!!! keep making wonderful ideas and I'll be sure to join you!!! rombe nandri( thank you in Tamil)!!!!
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      Jul 23 2011: Hi Kate,

      Thank you for your interest and appreciation. I agree, this is great reference material. Everyone's contribution has been wonderful. I'm learning so much.

      Thank you for your contribution so far.
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    Jul 21 2011: I have just been reading through another conversation I am participating in, and I was so impressed with the level of knowledge, eloquence, patience and civility of this particular lady that I would like to include her in this list of extraordinary women. Since that particular conversation is about feminism I thought it pertinent to mention her here.


    Thank you for your contribution in this conversation so far and thank you for sharing your wisdom in many other conversations. I'm inspired.
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    Jul 21 2011: Keep them coming Helena, you and all of your amazing ladies are inspiring me!
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      Jul 21 2011: Yay! There's so much inspiration out there, isn't there? I'm kind of sad this conversation will soon end.
      Here's another extraordinary lady I just came across:

      Lillian Hellman,

      American playwright, linked throughout her life with many left-wing causes.

      Hellman appeared before the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1950. At the time, HUAC was well aware that Hellman's longtime lover Dashiell Hammett had been a Communist Party member. Asked to name names of acquaintances with communist affiliations, Hellman said she delivered a prepared statement, which read in part:
      'To hurt innocent people whom I knew many years ago in order to save myself is, to me, inhuman and indecent and dishonorable. I cannot and will not cut my conscience to fit this year's fashions, even though I long ago came to the conclusion that I was not a political person and could have no comfortable place in any political group'.

      'Since when do we have to agree with people to defend them from injustice? '

      'Nobody outside of a baby carriage or a judge's chamber believes in an unprejudiced point of view.'
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    Jul 21 2011: Gwendolyn Brooks
    American Pulitzer Prize-winning poet. She was appointed Poet Laureate of Illinois in 1968 and Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 1985.
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    Jul 21 2011: Anne Sexton

    American poet, a Pulitzer Prize winner, a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature [and] the first female member of the Harvard chapter of Phi Beta Kappa.
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    Jul 21 2011: Bapsi Sidhwa

    Pakistani author. She is perhaps best known for her collaborative work with filmmaker Deepa Mehta: Sidhwa wrote both the 1991 novel Ice Candy Man (Cracking India) which is the basis for Mehta's 1998 film Earth as well as the 2006 novel Water: A Novel which is based upon Mehta's 2005 film, Water.
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    Jul 21 2011: Dorothea Lange (1885-1965)

    Dorothea Lange is heralded for being one of the first female commercial portrait photographers in the world. She is best known for her work during the Great Depression, when she photographed the breadlines, the waterfront strikes, and the sheer desperation people displayed on a daily basis. Her photos of impoverished migrant farm families looking for work still grace national museums. Lange is also well known for her work documenting people housed in Japanese-American relocation camps during World War II. Her images were so critical of the Japanese-American policies that the Army impounded them during the war. After the war Lange co-founded the photographic magazine Aperture. Experts describe Lange's work as "revolutionary" and credit her for being a premiere influence in the development of modern documentary photography.
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    Jul 21 2011: Julia Margaret Cameron (1815-1879)

    Julia Margaret Cameron was a British photographer who started her career at a time when photography was brand new. She is known for her unconventional portrait style, which included close cropping, soft focus and an emphasis on capturing the personality; skills that are still imitated today. Some of Cameron's famous subjects include: Charles Darwin, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Robert Browning, John Everett Millais, William Michael Rossetti, Edward Burne-Jones, Ellen Terry and George Frederic Watts. Historians note that many of Cameron's portraits are significant because they are often the only existing photographs of historical figures
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    Jul 21 2011: Margaret Bourke-White (1904-1971)

    Margaret Bourke-White was a leading American photojournalist, and the world's first female war correspondent. While working for Fortune and Life magazines, she traveled to combat zones in Germany, Africa and Italy during World War II. Bourke-White was also the only American photographer in Russia during the battle of Moscow. In addition, she photographed the drought victims of the Dust Bowl, the survivors at Buchenwald concentration camp, and Ghandi a few hours before his assassination. Bourke-White went on to make history with the publication of her haunting photos of the Depression in the book You Have Seen Their Faces. She is considered a pioneer in the field of photojournalism and her works are legendary around the world.
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    Jul 17 2011: Reading about Oriana Fallaci reminded me of Nadia and Zana Muhsen.
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    Jul 12 2011: I will be a little busy for the rest of this week so my apologies if I take a little longer to reply to your posts.
    I want to say a huge thank you to everyone for all the women you've brought forward so far. I am learning a lot and I am loving it. Thank you for making this conversation so interesting and rich.

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    Jul 11 2011: Helena en el caso particular de Agatha Christe , esta anecdota la encontrè en una entrevista que concediò a un periòdico britanico,pocos años antes de su muerte. El recorte venia en una pila de papeles viejos que compre en una libreria de usados aqui en Guadalajara.
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    Jul 9 2011: Mother A. Mangalam. President and co-founder of the Pure Life Society (PLS),Malaysia which was created way back in 1952.Born in a Hindu family with a Catholic father, she has always been a spiritual person.This 84 year old was responsible of PLS which provides shelter for needy children.Mother Mangalam has totally dedicated her life to the welfare of the less fortunate. With her faith in God and a positive attitude, she has helped to provide a better life for the 2,000 children who have passed through the home.She was the recipient of the Merdeka Award ( A Malaysian prestigious award) for her hard work in the field of education and community category.Here's is the link which tells her story :

    TED friends, please respond to my suggestion and tell me your opinion on this remarkable lady.I would just like to know how you feel about Mother A. Mangalam.Thanks! =)
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      Jul 9 2011: Just for being 84 and still working would be a good enough reason for me to include her.
      Reading through the link you provided and others I have found, she is definitely a remarkable lady.
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        Jul 9 2011: So true!!!! I don't know why but every time I see her face, I see love and compassion...To me, she is the symbol of hope for a better future.Have a nice day.
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          Jul 9 2011: Muhammad Mother A. Mangalam is a real example for compassion and a path to beatitude.
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        Jul 10 2011: Ode to Serve

        Serve with heart, not head
        Serve with love, not hate
        Serve with feeling, not just for duty's sake
        Serve with grace, not with gloom
        Serve with humility, not to boost your ego
        Serve with empathy, not to prove your worth
        Serve with courage, serve not with fear
        Serve unseen and not to be reckoned
        Thus beams the Ode to service
        The force that binds and builds
        ---- by Mother A. Mangalam
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        Jul 10 2011: You're very welcome Kate.Mother A. Mangalam is indeed a special lady.She is like our very own Mother Theresa.Her deeds to us fellow Malaysians are endless.Have a nice day,Kate. =)
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    Jul 8 2011: Mariyn Monroe....Cinderella...Little Red Ridinghoode...
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      Jul 8 2011: I guess Marlyn could be added too; as to fictional characters... I'm not so sure...given the case, I would prefer to choose Mafalda
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        Jul 8 2011: Helena , las sugiero ya que en muchos casos los personajes de cuentos infantiles han modelado a las personas que los han leido, y en el caso de Caperucita Roja o la Cenicienta, respresentan modelos o metaforas de actitudes y conductas que se pueden encontrar en algunos roles una idea que ya ha sido explorada en los analisis de los cuentos y las tradiciones.
        Y claro, Mafalda es una tipaza....
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          Jul 8 2011: Hola Jaime,

          visto así, si que las incluiría; sobre todo teniendo en cuenta el argumento de Perrault, que viene a ser más explícito y macabro que el de los hermanos Grimm.

          Por supuestísimo, Mafalda es lo más! :-)
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    Jul 8 2011: Deepa Mehta

    Indian-born Canadian film director and screenwriter, most known for her Elements Trilogy, Fire (1996), Earth (1998), and Water (2005),
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    Jul 8 2011: Vanessa Gould,

    Director of the documentary 'Between the folds'

    Thank you Lindsay, who introduced me to this documentary in another conversation here at TED.
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    Jul 7 2011: Édith PiafÉdith_Piaf
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      Jul 8 2011: Have every recording ( on vinyl..all original) the inimitable Edif Piaf. Ther is only one cover ever of any Piaf song that I considered on par with her own originals and that is Louis Armstrong singing La En Rose...better even that Edith's I think even she would have said.
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    Jul 7 2011: Emma Goldman

    During her life, Goldman was lionized as a free-thinking "rebel woman" by admirers, and derided by critics as an advocate of politically motivated murder and violent revolution. Her writing and lectures spanned a wide variety of issues, including prisons, atheism, freedom of speech, militarism, capitalism, marriage, free love, and homosexuality. Although she distanced herself from first-wave feminism and its efforts toward women's suffrage, she developed new ways of incorporating gender politics into anarchism.
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    Jul 7 2011: Kate Richards O'Hare

    American Socialist Party activist, editor, and orator best known for her controversial imprisonment during World War I.

    Speaking in North Dakota in July of 1917, said, it was reported, that "the women of the United States were nothing more nor less than brood sows, to raise children to get into the army and be made into fertilizer". She was arrested, tried, found guilty, and sentenced to five years in the Missouri state penitentiary. In prison she continued to fight. When she and fellow prisoners protested the lack of air, because the window above the cell block was kept shut, she was pulled out in the corridor by guards for punishment. In her hand she was carrying a book of poems, and as she was dragged out she flung the book up at the window and broke it, the fresh air streaming in, her fellow prisoners cheering.
    (Extract from Howard Zinn's book 'A people's history of the United States')
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    Jul 7 2011: Jeannette Rankin,

    First woman in the US Congress

    "I want to stand by my country, but I cannot vote for war. I vote No".
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    Jul 2 2011: Helena.....George Sand ---Armandine Aurore Lucile Dupin, escritora. Compañera del musico Federico Chopin.
    Virginia Wolf, Simone de Beauvoir, Eva Braun, Safo di Mitilene, Sophia Loren.
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    Jul 1 2011: Cara Helena; Eva , creo que tiene suficientes merecimientos para encabezar la lista.

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      Jul 3 2011: Luigi tu parli di Eva la nostra madre insieme a Adamo al Paradiso.? Vero?
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        Jul 3 2011: Sicuro Giacomo. Eva in paradiso. C'e un'altra? La vera prima donna.
  • Jul 1 2011: Instead of talking about great extraordinary women personalities in the world such as mother Theresa, Elaina smith and so on..I would like to shall a great real life incident of a ordinary girl happened during the period of 1980's.I did not remember the girl's name as i 10 ears has passed by reading this story.There lived two small girls in northern states of India and they both are best friends.One day when they went to jungle while playing then unexpectedly a python tried to kill a girl.The other girl saved this girl from python ,as a remark government of India honored her by publishing this story as a lesson for school students.I studied this story as a lesson when i was studying my second standard.
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      Jul 2 2011: All extraordinary women are welcome to this list, known personalities or not, there are no restrictions, even when I, personally, may not agree with some criteria. She sounds like a very brave little girl, thank you for the anecdote.
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        Jul 2 2011: Helena, todas las mujeres son extraordinarias.
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          Jul 3 2011: Conte Di Salaparuta Mordeforte dijo lo mismo hace unos dias...y yo, aunque halagada, tengo que discrepar. Fîsicamente creo que el ser humano, mujer u hombre, es extraordinario, el funcionamiento del mecanismo del cuerpo humano nunca deja de fascinarme; ahora si hablamos de otras cosas, creo que la gran mayorîa de hombres como de mujeres son extraordinarios pero no todos. :-)
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    Jun 30 2011: Signore Jim, respectfully I have to point that the "Diary" is under study because is suspect of forgery in the writings. Maybe Ana Frank has all the values to be included in the Helena elenco, but I have (Solo Io) my reserves about.

    Its not my intention to derive this conversation out off topic. (excuse please my english)
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      Jun 30 2011: Interesting... I think I heard that somewhere before. - I hope not... You are right to point it out, Luigi.

      The idea that someone would do that always frustrates me.
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      Jun 30 2011: This possibility that Anne Frank's diary is forged means that millions of school children in the US were duped. Very frustrating. History should always come with a warning label: "Beware! This may not be true!"
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    Jun 30 2011: Anne Frank

    Perhaps the face of the unspeakable atrocities suffered under the tyranny of Nazi Germany. A beautiful-minded young girl who had a gift for writing. Virtually every American teen reads the Diary of Anne Frank in school and it was one of the first pieces of non-fiction that I fell in love with. A remarkable human being trapped in the wrong place at the wrong time who hoped like few others have ever hoped for a better day.
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    Jun 29 2011: Helen Keller

    American author, political activist, and lecturer. She was the first deafblind person to earn a Bachelor of Arts degree.
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    Jun 29 2011: Khertek Anchimaa-Toka

    Was the first elected or appointed (i.e., not hereditary) female head of state in the modern world.
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    Jun 29 2011: Mary Wollstonecraft

    Eighteenth-century British writer, philosopher, and advocate of women's rights.
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    Jun 27 2011: Khadijah bint Khuwaylid.People should know about her and how she shaped our history.I would like to type it all down for you but there is too much to tell.Here, I place a link to an article about her.Enjoy!
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    Jun 26 2011: Ciao a tutte le ragazze. La mia proposta e:

    Santa Maria Immaculatta Madre de Nuestro Señor Jesucristo
  • Jun 26 2011: The mysterious Mona Lisa
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    Jun 26 2011: Iris Chang

    American historian and journalist.
    Author of 'The rape of Nanking' . She committed suicide due to all the prosecution and abuse she received from Japanese ultranationalists.
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    Jun 26 2011: Dr.Siti Hasmah Mohamad Ali,wife of our fourth prime minister,Dr.Mahathir Mohammad.
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    Jun 26 2011: Dorothy Day

    In the 1930s, Day worked closely with fellow activist Peter Maurin to establish the Catholic Worker movement, a nonviolent, pacifist movement that continues to combine direct aid for the poor and homeless with nonviolent direct action on their behalf.

    "Don't worry about being effective. Just concentrate on being faithful to the truth." Dorothy Day
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    Jun 26 2011: Twyla Tharp

    American dancer, choreographer and author of the book "The creative habit"
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      Jun 26 2011: Helena Io sono romano ma posso parlare in spagnolo.

      La nostra Regina Maria Antonieta D'Haspburgo de Francia
      La Nostra Regina Carolina D'Hapsburgo de las dos Sicilias
      La Nostra Regina Isabel La Catolica, De Castilla y Aragon
      La Nostra Regina Maria Estuardo de Escocia
      La Nostra Regina Eleanora D'Aquitania
      La Nostra Regina Margarita de Saboya
      La Nostra Regina Imperiale Isabel de Portugal

      Mi pasado es mas importante que mi efimero presente, por ello propongo a estas grandes Damas y Reinas.
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      Jun 26 2011: Hey!

      Yes, it was very interesting, thank you! I wasn't all that familiar with that part of my own history. I was just about to move onto that conversation.

      By the way, you posted a very interesting link in my other conversation but you seem to have disappeared?

      Thank you for the suggestion, I'll add her up right now
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          Jun 26 2011: I know the feeling too well! I appreciate you taking the risk.

          I'm flattered. Thank you for the compliments although rather than intelligence , I think it is more down to obstinacy! :-)
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    Jun 26 2011: Hi Helena..nice question.

    Eleanor Roosevelt.. she was so effective and eloquent in speaking fo rhuman rights and social justice and accomplished so much with no portfolio except her huge heart and the wise use of her position of nfluence.

    Mother Theresa the power of one. With no official support at all she took it on herself to comfort the lowest of th e low, th e poorest of the poor.A light to the world.
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    Jun 26 2011: Montserrat Caballé

    Spanish operatic singeré

    Here she is with the incredible Freddy Mercury
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      Jun 26 2011: Oh, Let the song begin.................YES !!!!
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        Jun 26 2011: I'm glad you like it and I'm glad to see you are still participating in this conversation. There is so much to learn! Isn't there? :-)
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          Jun 27 2011: Helena.......Thank you for starting this thread..................Indeed there is much to learn I can look up the history of the people I never heard of before. I do love everyone on TED I just don't like to be made fun of because I am here for sincere reasons. Helen :-)
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    Jun 25 2011: Karen Armstrong
    Former nun
    Now Jewish scholar at Cambridge, London
    Writer..."A History of God", "The Case for God"
    Activist for "A Charter for Compassion"
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        Jun 26 2011: Hey, there is nothing wrong with Karen Armstrong.And please be nice to Helen!
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          Jun 26 2011: Muhammad......Thank you. There are lots of friendly people on TED. You are one of them.
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        Jun 26 2011: Matthieu, si te plaît... Je veux faire des recherches et je veux écouter les opinions de tous même si je n'en soie pas d'accord. Je ne voudrais pas que personne commence le "flagging" et Ted Admin arrête la conversation. Merci :-)
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      Jun 26 2011: My sincerest apologies everyone for my unwarranted outburst.
  • J Ali

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    Jun 25 2011: Fatima Al Zahra, daughter of the Prophet Mohammed.....

    -Great and important book by Ali Shariati...
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      Jun 25 2011: Not to mention,Aisha bint Abu Bakr.The greatest female Muslim scholar.
      • J Ali

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        Jun 25 2011: ?

        Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him) has said :

        ''Fatima is the master of the women of heaven''

        "Fatima is a part of me, and he who makes her angry, makes me angry."

        -Narrated by Bukhari

        ........The greatest female scholar of Islam is no doubt Fatima al Zahra.......truly an exemplar for all of mankind
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    Jun 24 2011: Charlotte Brontë

    English novelist and poet

    "We can burst the bonds which chain us,
    Which cold human hands have wrought,
    And where none shall dare restrain us,
    We can meet again, in thought".ë
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    Jun 24 2011: Fanny Kemble

    Famous British actress and author. She became involved in the anti-slavery activism. She kept a diary about her life in the Georgia plantation, which was circulated among abolitionists prior to American civil war, and was published both in England and the United States once the war broke out. (Journal of A Residence on a Georgian Plantation in 1838-1839) In it she wrote:
    "I have sometimes been haunted with the idea that it was an imperative duty. Knowing what I know, and having seen what I have seen, to do all that lies in my power to show the dangers and the evils of this frightful institution."
    In later life she returned to England and became a great friend of Henry James. His novel "Washington Square" was based upon a story she had told him concerning one of her relatives.
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    Jun 24 2011: Lucy Stone

    American abolitionist and suffragist, and a vocal advocate and organiser promoting rights for women.
    Her marriage vows:

    "While we acknowledge our mutual affection by publicly assuming the relationship of husband and wife...we deem it a duty to declare that tis act on our part implies no sanction of, nor promise of voluntary obedience to such of the present laws of marriage as refuse to recognise the wife as an independent, rational being, while they confer upon the husband an injurious and unnatural superiority..."
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    Jun 24 2011: Minnie Vautrin

    Was an Americam missionary renowned for saving the lives of many in the nanking safety zone. In 1940 haunted by the images she saw and feeling responsible for not being able to save more lives she committed suicide by turning on the gas stove in her small apartment in Indianapolis.
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    Jun 24 2011:

    The Nobel Prize in Physics
    Maria Goeppert Mayer
    Marie Curie

    The Nobel Prize in Chemistry
    Ada E. Yonath
    Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin
    Irène Joliot-Curie
    Marie Curie

    The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    Elizabeth H. Blackburn
    Carol W. Greider
    Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
    Linda B. Buck
    Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
    Gertrude B. Elion
    Rita Levi-Montalcini
    Barbara McClintock
    Rosalyn Yalow
    Gerty Cori

    The Nobel Prize in Literature
    Herta Müller
    Doris Lessing
    Elfriede Jelinek
    Wislawa Szymborska
    Toni Morrison
    Nadine Gordimer
    Nelly Sachs
    Gabriela Mistral
    Pearl Buck
    Sigrid Undset
    Grazia Deledda
    Selma Lagerlöf

    The Nobel Peace Prize
    Wangari Maathai
    Shirin Ebadi
    Jody Williams
    Rigoberta Menchú Tum
    Aung San Suu Kyi
    Alva Myrdal
    Mother Teresa
    Betty Williams
    Mairead Corrigan
    Emily Greene Balch
    Jane Addams
    Bertha von Suttner

    The Prize in Economic Sciences
    Elinor Ostrom