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Ngi Tantoh

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What framework can we use to bring peace and stability in Central Africa Republic?

The Central Africa Republic has been in a situation of an emergency humanitarian assistance since December, 2013. It started with the ousting of former president Francois Bozize from power by the ‘’Seleka rebels’’ in December 2013. What started as a rebel coalition against an autocratic, corrupted, nepotistic government was now descending along religious divide. The anti Balaka, a Christian group in retaliation, started attacking and killing Muslims, looting of shops, destruction of public places of worship which had displaced and killed thousands of innocent civilians according to UNSAID. The displaced population is seeking refuge in neighboring countries like Republic of Congo, Cameroon and Chad and many of the refugees are living in deplorable conditions according to media report. Atrocities in the conflict is triggered by both the anti-Balaka and Seleka rebels and human rights groups are calling for investigation of the crimes, so that the perpetrators can be taken to court for crimes against humanity. Many are accusing the former colonial master France for ‘’ escalating the conflict’’ in the CAR, her position when she arrived the country was critical. They didn’t really serve as peace keepers. However, despite international efforts to resolve the conflict, the situation remains fragile, there is still the looting of public and private property, massive rape, arrest, torture, displacements of families, and recruitment of child soldiers and violation of international humanitarian laws by both side. Fleeing the country is another risk because many have been murdered along the way while trying to escape. Many families have been separated, children as young as 3 to 7 years abandoned along the way.

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    May 24 2014: Ngi,

    Historically might and the knowledge of consequesnces have been the factors of coups, wars, engagements. The same old motives .. greed, ego, religion, etc ....

    Part of the problem is that we are not using history to our advantage ... we fail to learn from it. As an example Hitler made the same old promises to the neighboring counmtries that our President Obama made to the citizens of the USA .... 1916 Argentina elected a socialist who made all of the same moves of social programs, pitting the rich against the poor ... Keynesian economiocs ... no budget ... no growth ... big government .. etc ...

    The Argintina of 1916 I speak of fell and the USA is setting on the edge of a depression and a recession that may occur at about the same time.

    I use these examples to demonstrate that countries (leaders) have aims / goals / intrests.

    What I suggest is that a Constitution be set up that checks/balances power ... that a requirement of balancing growth and budgeting spending be set into all documents ... that education and the health of the people be put into prospective as a part of the countries growth. This can be done through a Constitutional convention where input from all intrested parties can and will be heard. The real trick is to make the document simple enough to be understood and strong enough to be enforced.

    This has been done by others such as Constantine and in particular the Council of Nicaea ... and break away countries such as the USA.

    The is a issue of your country and must address the issue surrounding your country by people of your country.

    You are on the right track ... I wish you well. Bob.
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      May 24 2014: Robert you are raising another issue here. We have good constitutions in Africa.The problem is how to respect the constitution. For example, according to the 1996 constitution of my own country Cameroon, the mandate of the current president was supposed to end in 2011 but he went further to change the constitution to provide him unlimited mandate.
      Another point is that we have former rebel leaders sitting in offices with blood on their hands with no one questioning them. These power mongers are promoting hatred among the poor vulnerable masses.For peace to be realistics some of these guys should be at the Hangue for crimes against humanity.
  • May 22 2014: Education,it is a long way to go.
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    May 15 2014: That is a tough question Ngi, I live in America and am asking the same question here.
    • May 17 2014: Bravo Keith, once again you turn a phrase...
      Ngi has a problem. To which there has never been an answer.

      It seems killing and maiming gets the blood running in political leaders,
      no matter where on earth they ply their trade.

      The last 4 US President's
      Prime examples of government gone wrong.
      George HW Bush,
      William F. "Bill" Clinton,
      George W. Bush,
      Barrack Obama.

      These scoundrels are proof positive that creating and making Wars upon
      other nation's shores, as government policy, is wrong. They've wrecked
      our national integrity, while killing and maiming millions. Created a secret
      US government with spying and surveillances of the entire world, including
      Americans. Deregulated the corrupt mortgage banking industry, causing the
      loss of our jobs and homes, and allowed the rape of our treasury, which has
      economically brought our nation to it's knees.

      Some people say there is no devil. But look around. Evidence is world-wide.
      11,000 wars, 11,000 religions. And that's just in the world-history-books.

      The world's present system of commerce is the problem.
      Armed and dangerous geographical governments draw borders, make laws,
      plunder resources to trade, and indenture populations, to benefit only a few.
      The few at the top.

      I know of no solution.
      Jimmy Carter is just too old to help...
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        May 19 2014: Hello Frank, Here is my propose framework that i will be presenting in the department of Political Science and International Relations, Mersin 10, Famagusta, TRNC.
        In the last century, the Central Africa Republic has never had a history of religious conflict, even though there have existed political instability since independence going along the lines of minority issues, nepotism, dictatorial and tribalistic leadership. However, the endeavor of the international community to settle the crisis has end up proving ineffective. Violence still continues in the country what the Arch Bishop of Bangui has term as ‘’return match’’.
        Nevertheless, there is much we can borrow from an African perspective in solving conflict. Dialogue has always been and will continue to be the ultimate solution in building genuine peace in most crises in the African continent. The effectiveness of this framework can be proven by African Union approaches in different crises. The organization advocated for dialogue in Libya, Cote’d Voir, Sudan, Zimbabwe just to name a few. History will prove us that the above mentioned countries are not in peace today because of the gun approach that was used. It must be noted that when we use gun to bring peace the defeated side is always in one way or the other will form a militia group, a case in point is Libya. From a Pan-Africanist perspective, I will propose a Nationwide Forum for deliberation as my framework in buildingpeace in Central Africa Republic.
        The objectives of this forum are as follows;
         To have detail understanding about the causes of the crisis and the interest of the parties.
         To mobilize the common people and local leadership who are directly affected by the problem.
         To empower the socio-economically and politically underpriviledge communities by providing them a forum to voice out their views on how peace can be achieve in their own villages or communities.
        • May 20 2014: Ngi, ... Great Ideas.
          I'm going to suggest something that you probably will reject.

          Discussions and deliberations to build peace seldom work.
          Israel is a prime example.

          Today,
          Libya is too rich a nation, and when recently weakened, find themselves
          at risk from the corporate-oligarchy of financial banks... Best described as
          blood-thirsty sharks, they have started to circle... Banks can buy their way
          into Libya's weak power base, and install their agents in positions inside the
          nations' treasury... Known as "plunder".

          On another battlefield, the US government has become, in a recent study
          from Princeton University, a 'corporate oligarchy'.

          Better use the gun.

          Take a page or two from the early history of the State of Texas; The Alamo, and
          Mexico's General Santa Ana, and follow the trail until you get to today. Notice the arguments before statehood, against being a part of the United States... And, more recently, the quiet separation of Texas, with their own electrical power grid, and the
          ability for Texans to stand alone if need be. They haven't left the union, but they
          are ready if need be.

          California territory settlers, stole the Mexican's land-grant holdings 150 years ago.
          Today the non-stop Mexican illegal and legal immigrants are the Majority Race in America. Tomorrow they will be running this country.

          Tomorrow, migration to fresh water aquifers will determine who lives where.

          Like the Hollywood movie "Ants", peace is short-lived.
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    May 13 2014: Please don't call me naive. But the root of all conflict are the differences that we define by our own borders. Bringing peace can ultimately only happen if we all think and act towards the common good AND trust that everyone else does the same. It's so simple.
    I am confident that we have the means to communicate the need of humans to act united in our quest to regain a life in balance with the rest of nature.
    Being all born naked on earth and being under the rule of nature's laws, we are all same and no possession or difference is essentially possible. We have to uderstand and communicate that the only way for a good life is by being good. We actually do not have the capacity to waste energy on conflicts and wars.
    • May 16 2014: Huck

      The idea of a common good has been around for some time. Adolph Hitler and the Third Reich promoted such an idea, as did Stalin and too, the Pharaohs of Egypt in their quest for absolute rule, how does your version differ from the rest and can you define your common good?
      Neville Chamberlain trusted that Hitler was not an aggressive personality and Washington that Benedict Arnold was, in deed, an American. All things are by definition and we are the ones who define all things. An ambiguous statement, but I like it.
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      May 19 2014: Here is my propose framework which i will be presenting in the department of political science and International Relations, Eastern Mediterranean University, Mersin 10, Famagusta, TRNC.
      In the last century, the Central Africa Republic has never had a history of religious conflict, even though there have existed political instability since independence going along the lines of minority issues, nepotism, dictatorial and tribalistic leadership. However, the endeavor of the international community to settle the crisis has end up proving ineffective. Violence still continues in the country what the Arch Bishop of Bangui has term as ‘’return match’’.
      Nevertheless, there is much we can borrow from an African perspective in solving conflict. Dialogue has always been and will continue to be the ultimate solution in building genuine peace in most crises in the African continent. The effectiveness of this framework can be proven by African Union approaches in different crises. The organization advocated for dialogue in Libya, Cote’d Voir, Sudan, Zimbabwe just to name a few. History will prove us that the above mentioned countries are not in peace today because of the gun approach that was used. It must be noted that when we use gun to bring peace the defeated side is always in one way or the other will form a militia group, a case in point is Libya. From a Pan-Africanist perspective, I will propose a Nationwide Forum for deliberation as my framework in buildingpeace in Central Africa Republic.
      The objectives of this forum are as follows;
       To have detail understanding about the causes of the crisis and the interest of the parties.
       To mobilize the common people and local leadership who are directly affected by the problem.
       To empower the socio-economically and politically underpriviledge communities by providing them a forum to voice out their views on how peace can be achieve in their own villages or communities.
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    Jun 10 2014: Friend.

    I thank you for joining the ranks of those who want peace on Earth, peace among the members of the Human specie.

    As I see it, the framework is not the issue. No, not at all. Frameworks are a dozen a dime.

    What we truly, seriously, actually, honestly, need - is a commitment, an unconditional commitment for PEACE.
    Unconditional, meaning, putting aside all - all ideologies, and differences, and begin with the desire for peace.

    When the desire for peace, outweighs all other differences and petty ideological points of reference, PEACE will prevail. The fact is, peace already exists on Earth, but we destroy it. We bring our inner conflicts in the outer world, find someone with a different point of view to ours, attempt to impose our point of vies - because we are the most intelligent person on this world, and would like our petty point of view to rule, and the other wants the same. So there goes the PEACE that existed before conflict arose.

    As an optimist, I say the human race is doomed, and it will implode. As a pessimist, I see this going on for a very long time.
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    Jun 5 2014: Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the DRC: HOPES AND CHALLENGES
    8 March 2013

    "The long awaited Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the region was signed on 24 February 2013 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. After almost three months of talks between the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU) and the United Nations (UN), the framework agreement was eventually signed by Angola, Burundi, the Central African Republic (CAR), Congo, the DRC, Rwanda, South Africa, South Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania and Zambia. Though this peace initiative provides another important opportunity for countries to work collaboratively for peace and stability in the Great Lakes region, the signing of the framework agreement has been met with mixed reactions. Given the miserable track record of peace agreements in the DRC, there are concerns over the effective implementation of this agreement...

    ...Critically, the framework agreement touches on the fact that the current challenges present an opportunity to ‘address the root causes of the conflict’ and so bring an end to the ‘recurring cycles of violence’. Kinshasa along with Kigali, Kampala and the rest of the region, should not miss this important opportunity to address the chronic instability in the DRC, which is spreading across the region. The signing of the framework agreement is undoubtedly a positive step, but the agreement lacks specific actions and the involvement of so many actors may cause confusion over who will take the lead..."

    http://www.issafrica.org/iss-today/peace-security-and-cooperation-framework-for-the-drc-hopes-and-challenges
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    Jun 4 2014: well, is there a value placed on not discriminating, here in the U.S. we have many laws that you cannot discriminate against someone on the basis of race, religion, sexual orientation, sex, and other factors.
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    May 20 2014: education & facilitation investment in long term infrastructure and development goals wile adequately defending them from (don't mind mind me & I apologize) the un-cooperatives I know it's hard but you cant save us all as in some people are fatally ignorant as you know, I assume. I'd love to propose infrastructure plans to persons of influence but the supply and expertise would be expensive. everything unfortunately boils down to costs when you look for a lasting solution now if you ask for problems they come from everywhere as solutions are far more uncommon.
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    May 19 2014: Here is my propose framework...which i will be presenting in the department of Political Science and International Relations, Eastern Mediterranean University,Mersin 10,Famagusta,TRNC.
    In the last century, the Central Africa Republic has never had a history of religious conflict, even though there have existed political instability since independence going along the lines of minority issues, nepotism, dictatorial and tribalistic leadership. However, the endeavor of the international community to settle the crisis has end up proving ineffective. Violence still continues in the country what the Arch Bishop of Bangui has term as ‘’return match’’.
    Nevertheless, there is much we can borrow from an African perspective in solving conflict. Dialogue has always been and will continue to be the ultimate solution in building genuine peace in most crises in the African continent. The effectiveness of this framework can be proven by African Union approaches in different crises. The organization advocated for dialogue in Libya, Cote’d Voir, Sudan, Zimbabwe just to name a few. History will prove us that the above mentioned countries are not in peace today because of the gun approach that was used. It must be noted that when we use gun to bring peace the defeated side is always in one way or the other will form a militia group, a case in point is Libya. From a Pan-Africanist perspective, I will propose a Nationwide Forum for deliberation as my framework in buildingpeace in Central Africa Republic.
    The objectives of this forum are as follows;
     To have detail understanding about the causes of the crisis and the interest of the parties.
     To mobilize the common people and local leadership who are directly affected by the problem.
     To empower the socio-economically and politically underpriviledge communities by providing them a forum to voice out their views on how peace can be achieve in their own villages or communities.
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      May 31 2014: My Dear Ngi -

      As Keith Henline pointed out, we have similar issues here in the U.S. A "superpower" now, every state in the Union paid bounties for the scalps of Native American men, women and children only 150 years ago... and the world's oldest person is what, 120 years old?

      As I always do, I propose granting women significant roles in power NOW, not some pie-in-the-sky tomorrow. To grant us men unlimited and unchallenged power is sheer insanity. Male dominance is the one thread that connects all the atrocities throughout history.

      What country in Africa was it where the women rose up and ousted a bloody dictator recently? They forced a Congress made up of representatives of different nations to meet in Committee and figure out how to expel the dictator. When the deliberations dragged on and representatives started going out on the town and partying, the women encircled the meeting hall and would not leave until the international Congress acted.

      There is NO substitute for the wisdom and power of women, my dear sir. But as you say, the guns are a huge issue, as always all over the world. Who but women could insist that we boys put down our deadly toys? Men who need guns are simply not fully human / self- actualized. Killing becomes an impersonal abstraction when it is done at long range. If killing needs to be done, then let it be man-to-man and face-to-face, as real warriors do. Only cowards victimize the women and children... they are not men.

      Very Best Wishes!
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    May 16 2014: When the people of Central Africa Republic, or any group of people for that matter, will become so sick and tired of harming and killing one another, peace and stability becomes possible.

    But first, people have to realize that blaming their former colonial masters for their troubles has an expiration date. At a certain point, people have to forge their own destiny.

    INVICTUS by the English poet William Ernest Henley (1849–1903).

    Out of the night that covers me,
    Black as the pit from pole to pole,
    I thank whatever gods may be
    For my unconquerable soul.

    In the fell clutch of circumstance
    I have not winced nor cried aloud.
    Under the bludgeonings of chance
    My head is bloody, but unbowed.

    Beyond this place of wrath and tears
    Looms but the horror of the shade,
    And yet the menace of the years
    Finds, and shall find, me unafraid.

    It matters not how strait the gate,
    How charged with punishments the scroll,
    I am the master of my fate:
    I am the captain of my soul.
  • May 16 2014: Ngi

    It is a sad place. When the belief in a god, as history shows, is more important than human life atrocities are justified. When government, as history shows, preempts the individual atrocities are justified. "When the people fear the government you have tyranny. When the government fears the people you have liberty." Maybe the people, when they get feed up with the tyranny of gods and government will decide on liberty. It is up to them.