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What literacy tools and strategies will help teachers more effectively instruct low socioeconomically disadvantaged children?

What literacy tools and strategies will help teachers more effectively instruct low socioeconomically disadvantaged children? How can literacy tools help teach these students? What are their problems and how can we create better literacy learning for them?
Answers that would be most helpful include (but are not limited to) ways to help these students learn and want to learn literacy, suggestions for strategies and use of strategies.

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    May 9 2014: It is different in every case, but for most of them, if you give them the encouragement to learn, and find something they are passionate about which will help them learn (music, art, sports, debates, etc.) you may initiate their own will to overcome their boundaries and become literate. Use art and music, socioeconomically disadvantaged children find it amusing and interesting
    • May 12 2014: Encouragement, passion and determination are all key parts of learning..should always be occuring by the teacher but our goal is to get through to the students as well!
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    May 5 2014: i believe literacy does not hold the same place it did last century. multi-media literacy should now be the main push. of course, this still includes reading and writing.

    content is all important here - for literacy, it has to be relevant and interesting to the reader while writing activities should also include authentic, real, experiences. Letter-writing, poster-making, short story competitions.

    there is so much focus on learning how to learn and it is dull.

    as well as ensuring the content is engaging, explicitly teaching reading comprehension strategies can help.

    http://reading.ecb.org/

    http://literacyonline.tki.org.nz/Literacy-Online/Teacher-needs/Pedagogy/Writing/Approaches-to-teaching-writing/Developing-readers-comprehension-strategies
    • May 12 2014: Yes, learning does not have to be dull. Teachers need to find ways to create hands-on, engaging learning. Comprehension strategies are a great idea, but what more can a teacher do for the low socioeconomically disadvantaged students?
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    May 3 2014: What literacy tools and strategies will help teachers more effectively instruct low socioeconomically disadvantaged children?

    Help their parents first.
    • May 4 2014: What if a child comes from a single parent home or if parents do not accept help or choose not to be involved? What do you do then?
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        May 4 2014: A teacher can only help a parent or student who is receptive to instruction or help. Otherwise the teacher is wasting valuable resource, whether time or education money.

        Sometimes, a teacher's sheer determination and extra-ordinary grit pays-off:

        "Freedom Writers is a 2007 drama film starring Hilary Swank, Scott Glenn, Imelda Staunton and Patrick Dempsey.

        It is based on the book The Freedom Writers Diary by teacher Erin Gruwell who wrote the story based on Woodrow Wilson Classical High School in Eastside, Long Beach, California. The title is a play on the term "Freedom Riders", referring to the multiracial civil rights activists who tested the U.S. Supreme Court decision ordering the desegregation of interstate buses in 1961."

        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freedom_Writers

        "Stand and Deliver is a 1988 American drama film based on the true story of high school math teacher Jaime Escalante. Edward James Olmos portrayed Escalante in the film and received a nomination for Best Actor at the 61st Academy Awards."
        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stand_and_Deliver
  • May 12 2014: Jennifer: The actual number of people who "do not care"..etc. is , and will always be, totally unknown. If you have the Ayn Rand mindset, they should all drop dead. If they are somehow pathological, their kids are in big trouble, of course, but , short of interventions by some "authority", there doesn't seem to be much anyone can do about it. There is always, of course , charitable person voluntary interventions , but you can't expect much from a pathological Society, which ours has become. And , of course, since we bear down so much on "Diversity" , group morale is suffering badly , of course. Many people don't even believe "Groups" are real. Look what happened to Malcom X
  • May 11 2014: Well, if you really want to do the job, start by helping to create families , rather than destroying them, as we have been doing. That means salaries above the poverty line.. Suggest creating jobs, for starters. FDR created 4 millions jobs in a few months in 1934, but it wasn't by waiting around for the business world to do it. Then we might address the food problem, as students do not do well when they are worrying about their next meal.
    • May 12 2014: Yes, but what about those parents who do not care to work and do not mind living off of welfare? How can we help these students if their parents do not want to be helped?
  • May 11 2014: That is a wonderful question and as a math teacher I also find myself in the same position.. how do you get kids excited about math? "My phone is a calculator!" This year I am working in a low SES area with 8th graders, most of whom read on a 3rd-5th grade level and my coworker has struggled with engaging them in literacy lessons this year until recently. The students are reading the book "Tears a Tiger" and although I have not read it, I have only flipped through it I see that it is written in way similar to how they speak and is about teenagers, something they can relate to. So my best suggestion is get to know your specific population and then find resources they can relate to and want to be engaged in!

    Best of luck to you and if you get the opportunity I would love your feedback/suggestions on my differentiation question!
    http://www.ted.com/conversations/24160/how_do_you_differentiate_on_a.html
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    May 10 2014: Jennifer, This is so complex ... at issue are drugs, prostitution, gangs, pimping, and all sorts of activities .... IMO, it is not the teacher that must change or adapt it is the target population. For several generations they have learned to play the system and we are seeing generational welfare families. Until they see that the future is brighter with an education ... then nothing will change. That is the challenge ... hard to tell a kid who makes a few thousand a night that he can do better ... Later. He is seeing it now. He has better clothes, car, all the latest electronics, women, parties, etc than the teachers that are telling him education will make life better ... he evaluates and disregards.

    This is not always the case in the intercity schools ... some are on a quest for education and some can be brought in and some have already chosen their life style.

    Part of the problem must be to recognized that the government is enabling them through "free" stuff. The government must at least attemmpt to instill a work ethic ... what they do is kill all but the generational welfare mentality. The system must evolve to a point where work and pride are returned ... when that occurs then education will see a resurgance. By allowing illegals and drug / gang members become citizen by by-passing existing laws sends a picture to these people that laws are not important .... that their vote is more important than any rules, laws, or ethics ... the Constitution becomes a joke.

    After a major drug bust many claims of profiling, racial slurs, etc ... were filed. Why. Because it works. The story switched from drug lords killing people and pushing drugs to kids to the way these illegals were treated and profiled. They own the media and the feds ... if it goes bad for them it someone else fault ... and people buy it.

    Intercity school have a tough road .. also now test grades reflect on the teacher not the student.

    Out of space ...
  • May 5 2014: As one of the social organization which is doing the same thing is my client. So , I have the opportunity to know how they are educating the low socioeconomically disadvantaged children. Basically they are working in villages and their education technique does not involves high tech tools but traditional tools. Their education revolves round practical education with not so much baggage of school system.

    1.They first carry out the survey
    2.Then they do Analysis of the survey
    3.Then plan the activities
    4.Execute the Activities
    5.Then assess how much the children have learned.
  • May 4 2014: Most of these kids are very familiar with the punishment system. "Show" them that the rewards system is not only better for them but better for everyone involved.
    "Love is a better teacher than a sense of duty"- Einstein
    “The way to change others' minds is with affection, and not anger”- Dalai Lama

    And one of the most important IF you want to break the chain:
    "When one has not had a good father, one must create one"- Friedrich Nietzsche
    • May 6 2014: Rewards can only be used for so long...what about pertaining to teaching literacy?
      • May 6 2014: Jennifer I and everybody I knew was raised on the punishment system which should be more aptly named the violent failure system. My guess is you don't understand what I am talking about and so let's try some more examples. The reward system does not mean you get a physical reward ever time you do something right like an animal in training. Sometimes a smile is your reward. Sometimes a pat on the back or encouragement. Eventually just the successful completion of a task is reward enough, just knowing that you can do it, self realization, the spiritual side. Then you have learned something not found in any book, something worth keeping. My second wife taught me the reward system which we used to raised our kids and it was so successful that I have been using it every since. Once kids find out there are only two simple rules they fall right in line and love it. 1) There is only one way to fail and that is to give up 2) Never give up
        • May 13 2014: I could not agree more...I am teaching in kindergarten and this is the exact attitude I portray every second I am with them. There is so much more to teaching than just grades and the academic aspect...it is also about helping children grow as people, especially at the elementary level- it is crucial for educators to always remember students' social domains!!!!
    • May 12 2014: Learning cannot just be punishment and rewards...it may help initially but as educators, our ultimate goal for students is self-regulated learning!
      • May 12 2014: Exactly Jennifer, could not of said it better "self-regulated learning". My daughter is a good example. She just barely graduated from high school, mostly because she learns in different ways than she was being taught. However we did not pressure her and instead encouraged her to follow her dreams where ever they lead. So she did. She traveled in Canada for a couple years teaching and living with Bahai's. Then she went to China for a few years and taught English as she learned Chinese language and culture. Then to Europe where she was engaged to a famous doctor in Spain but that fell through and then on to Dubai where she almost got married again. Mean while she kept coming home to Hawaii and now she has had one business for several years and is forming another corporation as she attends college and sent me her report card (straight A's).
        Now I know some parents would have pressured there child to get married or go to college but we have never pressured her in any way and here at age 30 she is already quite successful and going back to learn more about what she loves.
        "Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life"- Confucius
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    May 4 2014: Well, the first thing we can do to help these teachers is to help them understand that it's intellectual advantaged children.... socioeconomics has little to do with intelligence but a lot to do with justifying instructional failures....
    "Oh, he's a poor kid from the other side of the tracks, he probably won't learn much" Not surprisingly a self fulfilling prophecy.
    • May 6 2014: I agree, but what are some literacy tools to help these children? We can believe in them and push them but what about how else we can further help them learn literacy effectively? With what tools?
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        May 7 2014: I don't believe that poor kids need special tools. What is more common, is that poor kids come from poor school districts.... and as happens, some are pushed through without being well instructed. The other possible hindrance is street language. Vocabulary could be limited as these kids may not be exposed to many books or newspapers or other sources of words
        So, how do we teach literacy to any child?
        You want a tool? How about the Reader's Digest's Word Power?
        • May 12 2014: Proper vocabulary is essential in speaking, reading and writing!!
  • May 3 2014: Do more groups games playing.Let them feel the happiness of sharing,playing together with others.
  • May 2 2014: The human mind - any mind, disadvantaged or not - is the literacy tool. Take away the socio-economic disadvantage. Redistribute dignity. Vote for dignity at election time.
    • May 4 2014: Socioeconomic disadvantage is prevalent in today's society..what tools can a teacher provide to teach these students more effectively?
      • May 4 2014: Kids reject information if they think it's irrelevant. Convince them otherwise.
      • May 4 2014: Make lessons relevant - even if you have to go off-topic to be able to say something relevant.
      • May 4 2014: People get bored, especially young males, but don't try to make lessons fun! Rather, indulge them when they want to go off topic because at least they will be making it relevant.