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Will the confirmation of the Penrose-Hammeroff ORCH OR model of consciousness spark a resurgence in panpsychism?
The recent discovery of quantum vibrations in "microtubules" inside brain neurons corroborates this theory, according to review authors. Of the 20 testable predictions of Orch OR published in 1998, six are confirmed and none refuted.
Panpsychism, the view that mind (psyche) is found everywhere (pan),is one of the oldest of all philosophical doctrines extant and was put forth by the ancient Greeks, in particular Thales of Miletus and Plato. Philosopher Baruch Spinoza and mathematician and universal genius Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, who laid down the intellectual foundations for the Age of Enlightenment, argued for panpsychism, as did philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer, father of American psychology William James, and Jesuit paleontologist Teilhard de Chardin.