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How are students educated in schools in YOUR country, where you came from?

Each country has a different education system. In most of the Eastern countries, students are only forced to go to great universities, in spite of their careers and what they want to do in the future. Since I am a student in South Korea, I am forced to only get good scores on exams and surrounded with full of excessive competitions among students. The whole society forces us to go to a famous college and just to gain reputations.

However, many people detect that the current education system is on the wrong track; and although a lot of people stood up in order to reform it, not many significant changes have happened. So I am willing to make an organization to change the current education system and lead the students into the right way of future. Before I actually put it into practice, I really want to hear from all of you about what your countries' real purpose of education is and how students are educated in schools. It would help me learn about education systems from all around the world, from diversity of countries. I would certainly appreciate your participation!

When I was researching for education around the world, I came to a conclusion that every nation's education is deeply connected with different cultures and historical backgrounds. So if you know anything about your country's history or cultures related to education, I would greatly appreciate it.

P.S Since I am a middle school student and have assignments to complete, it would take sone time for me to answer your comments. If you don't mind, I might write you back little later.

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    Sep 4 2013: From EE (Czech republic -- which was called Czechoslovakia -- when I went to to school here)

    Hi Judy,
    You started the right way - by asking questions. Countries schools do differ in several dimensions:

    How much choice the student have (which includes the pre-requisites)
    Too much freedom is not good. Students (of any age) do not know what they need or will need
    Whose responsibility is to get/provide education
    The teachers (and society) do not know either what is best path to the goal and what is the goal:
    One (and only one of several goals) is to be employable. Well, that is a big question:
    http://www.technologyreview.com/view/519016/stop-saying-robots-are-destroying-jobs-they-arent/
    http://io9.com/5885512/robots-will-steal-your-job-but-thats-okay-how-to-survive-the-coming-economic-collapse
    Another is - to know about the world, history, psychology, science ....
    etc.
    Scools can be free - all the way to PhD, or not. Countries differ.

    In My case (that was before the 'fall of the Berlin wall' = fall of communism in EE) schools were free all the way,
    but selective. First sorting was at the age of 15 - when about 10% were selected to go to 'gymnasium' = highschool,
    the rest were learning in 'industrial schools' skills and trades. Some girls got married.
    Ar 18, most of those in Gymnasium went to university - based on examination by schools (eng, science, law, medicine ..)
    It was not a bad system. The numbers in different fields were planned (it was a planned economy) do that they were jobs waiting after graduation.

    There were of course negative aspects too, BUT, one never knows how things are percieved by newt generation.
    Recalling G.B.S. on education

    Boy and man, he was always bitterly opposed to schools and teachers, saying
    "Schools and schoolmasters, as we have them today, are not popular as places of education and teachers, but rather prisons and turnkeys in which children are kept to prevent them disturbing

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