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What are some of the key differences in cultures of success and cultures of failure?

Has anyone studied this phenomenon? Is there a Talk on this and I just missed it.
What is the difference in the company culture at Apple compared to Compaq? Facebook vs. MySpace. The Bengals football organization vs. The Patriots. Schools who consistently have graduation rates of 98% vs. those who schools who have < 50% of their students?
It just seems that those organizations who “win” keep winning and those who “lose” keep loosing so why is that? Any ideas?

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  • May 18 2013: Cultures of failure accept failure and look to blame and scapegoat persons as at fault. It's not wise to use sports as any real indicator--a football is shaped so that it bounces tricky and sometimes you get the bounces and other times the other guys do. And Compaq is an orange to Apple. Let's just take cultures in education, in government, in militaries where authority models are in place but there is no expectation that the model will some day come under question and thus no provision exists for self reform. Businesses draw personnel from these other institutions and can therefore become extension of cultures that play the old game of hierarchical authority where failure is always treated the same way--the blame and ouster of the scapegoat or legitimate underachiever. Schools blame children, they blame parents, they blame curricula, they blame teachers, they blame principals, they blame technology, they blame media. But the one thing they always do is write off some segment of the people who pass through as having failed. They don't ever say school is a faulty compromise and authoritarianism is not good enough--it fails to address motivation accept by threat of consequence, neglects social development entirely, treats kids as if they are capable of synchronous knowledge transfer when they are not. Etc etc. The military had long followed the same model and people died because orders weren't followed. But the military is implementing a "no miss" model that will eventually be in all institutions. In some quarters it has stopped the blame game and implemented a "knowledge transaction" modality. Though they still carry on the tradition of rank, orders are not expected to simply to be followed because threat of consequence is not enough to ensure ideal outcome. Orders that are not under battle pressure are "transacted" where a person is open about not understanding rather than pretending to understand. This must move into school, business and government.

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