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Amily shaw


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Can we think without any presumptions?

Questions arised from one of the conversation and a reminiscence of a old lady who said:"nobody is right but me."

Are we free of personal bias when we think?
how reliable it is for us ourselves to judge if we are free of personal bias or not ?


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  • Mar 8 2013: I am not so sure about what you actually mean by thinking.
    I am attempting to actually define the concept of "thinking" ...

    So, can one really observe one's own thinking as a completely objective observer..as in Theravada meditation? or is this also in itself an aspect of thinking?

    The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines "thinking" as:
    1. : the action of using one's mind to produce thoughts

    The Encyclopedia Britannica defines "thought" as:
    thought, covert symbolic responses to stimuli that are either intrinsic (arising from within) or extrinsic (arising from the environment). Thought, or thinking, is considered to mediate between inner activity and external stimuli.

    In everyday language, the word thinking covers several distinct psychological activities. It is sometimes a synonym for “tending to believe,” especially with less than full confidence (“I think that it will rain, but I am not sure”). At other times it denotes the degree of attentiveness (“I did it without thinking”) or whatever is in consciousness, especially if it refers to something outside the immediate environment

    Shakespeare says:
    “Nothing is either good or bad but thinking makes it so.”

    William James says:
    ‘A great many people think they are thinking when they are merely rearranging their prejudices.’

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