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Bruno Kapetanovic

Founder, The Institute for Forward Thinking

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Can planet earth merge with other civilization to improve level of civilization ? What our civilization can offer in exchange ?

According to The Soviet astronomer ( scientist) Nikolai Kardashev , scale method of measuring a civilization's level of technological advancement, is based on the amount of energy a civilization is able to utilize.

The scale has three designated categories called Type I, II, and III. A Type I civilization uses all available resources impinging on its home planet, Type II harnesses all the energy of its star, and Type III of its galaxy. The scale is only hypothetical and in terms of an actual civilization, highly speculative; however, it puts energy consumption of an entire civilization in a cosmic perspective.

Others have extended the scale to even more hypothetical Type IV beings who can control or use the entire universe, or Type V that control collections of universes. Metrics other than pure power usage have also been proposed, such as 'mastery' of a planet, system or galaxy rather than considering energy alone, or considering the amount of information controlled by a civilization rather than the amount of energy

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    Jan 7 2013: ...once our planet become energy independent there will be no reason for fears !

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