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What can governments do to end poverty in their countries? Is a solution possible under capitalism?

Hello, I come from Argentina, and in my country, poverty is an issue we still can't eradicate, even though extreme poverty has been around for many decades now.

What still baffles me is the fact that although the Government gives away money to those with reduced incomes, poverty is as bad as always. Poor people can now (at least) fulfill their basic needs, but they have now become dependant on the Govt to give them the necessary resources for life (and politicians do not care about this, since this way they can keep on "buying" their votes with cash). They don't have jobs (and some do not even bother to find one) and most still live in slums under really poor conditions. So, it's obvious this solution is only benefitial in the short run... eventually the Government is going to run out of money and we'll still have the same number of people in the streets.

Moreover, I read yesterday how India is going to start doing the same thing, but I guess that probably won't go anywhere either.

Now, what do you think is the solution to stop this vicious circle of poverty? What is your Government doing about it?

Bear in mind that Latin America has just extreme poverty levels (not as much as Africa), but still much more than the First World countries. At least in my country there is a surprisingly high number of slums (check some photos in wikipedia: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Villa_miseria )

In my opinion, emphasis should be made on giving labour to these people outside-the-system. But for that, we need to offer public AND quality education. Yet I'm conscious that a malnourished child is not going to be able to be properly educated, is he?. So what can we do to ensure that child will have a better future? It's difficult to come up with a solution, but we're in the 21st Century now, it's about time we stopped poverty.

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  • Jan 14 2013: Governments, all of them, are evil.

    The idea of Government is fine. The application is terrible.
    Governments are "property" driven. They control areas.

    United States citizens cannot and do not control their Government.
    It has morphed into a 2 party system. Both parties taking turns
    having a majority that govern.

    Elections are bought and paid for, using monies reaped by solicitation
    of party members, major corporations, and unions.
    Political Advertisements are churned out by a corrupt media.
    Until citizens become convinced only 2 candidates are viable.

    There is no way any other candidate for high office can get
    a message to the citizens who vote. Except of course with
    a soap-box in the park.

    Democracy is chanted world-wide by media. Government just
    keeps making WARS and Weapons. Peace is a word seldom spoken.
    Freedom is a word never spoken. Erosion of citizen rights in this century
    foretell of a broken society.

    Hunger and starving peoples in far away lands are ignored.
    A fleeting glimpse in a news article, then forgotten.
    Promised Foreign Aid has too many strings attached.
    Monies and foodstuffs seldom get to where they are needed.

    All Governments are evil.
    • Jan 16 2013: Frank, although I agree that every Government has its own share of corruption (Sometimes in a really high level), I don't agree with what you say about Democracy.

      Fundamentally, I believe Democracy is the best form of Government we can hope for. Why? Because each individual is equal in relation to politics. Everyone can vote and choose a person to represent them, and anyone (theoretically) can aspire to lead the country. Of course it has its faults (Corruption, Unrepresented minorities, etc.) but for now, it's the best humanity could come up with. You say "citizens cannot and do not control their Government", but how do you think they could control it?

      I have to admit some democracies around the world are missing transparency, but still, we can't get any better than that. It's really difficult to make everyone feel represented in a democracy,

      I know it's not perfect, but we'll have to live with it, at least for now.
      • Jan 17 2013: Matias Haro,

        I do not know the answer as to how citizens can control their Government.

        But, I do know that each political party (Democrat and Republican) pay enormous sums
        to media before, during, and after political campaigns.

        Like snuffing out a candle, voters are blinded, and never give it a second thought.

        24/7/365 Voters are entertained by media, in a grand design. Up to and including election day.
        all expenses are paid by contributors to one or the other of the two parties. Solicited funds,
        from registered voters, major Corporations, and Unions, pay for the Media Circus.

        Choices for voters are simplified. A choice of Incumbent, or a Republican, or Democrat replacement.

        Occasionally an Independent is elected, but usually if researched, he or she has ties to
        one of the two parties.

        Mid Term replacements are appointed by each State's Republican or Democrat Governor until elections can be held.

        The "Media Circus" continues from election day to election day. Non-stop for two and four
        year periods.

        No one who is not a member to either party, has any 'standing' with voters,
        nor any road-map to find supportive voters. Media control is absolute.

        It all boils down to a soap-box in the park...
        The media excludes mavericks, they point fingers at them and make fun of them.
        England uses the same tactics, and has for years. It works.

        In almost exactly 100 years the United States has gone from prosperity to bankruptcy.

        I hope you have understood my point.
        I do not know the answer.
        I know only that we need one.

        I could go on, but I have had my full of disgust.

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