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What can governments do to end poverty in their countries? Is a solution possible under capitalism?

Hello, I come from Argentina, and in my country, poverty is an issue we still can't eradicate, even though extreme poverty has been around for many decades now.

What still baffles me is the fact that although the Government gives away money to those with reduced incomes, poverty is as bad as always. Poor people can now (at least) fulfill their basic needs, but they have now become dependant on the Govt to give them the necessary resources for life (and politicians do not care about this, since this way they can keep on "buying" their votes with cash). They don't have jobs (and some do not even bother to find one) and most still live in slums under really poor conditions. So, it's obvious this solution is only benefitial in the short run... eventually the Government is going to run out of money and we'll still have the same number of people in the streets.

Moreover, I read yesterday how India is going to start doing the same thing, but I guess that probably won't go anywhere either.

Now, what do you think is the solution to stop this vicious circle of poverty? What is your Government doing about it?

Bear in mind that Latin America has just extreme poverty levels (not as much as Africa), but still much more than the First World countries. At least in my country there is a surprisingly high number of slums (check some photos in wikipedia: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Villa_miseria )

In my opinion, emphasis should be made on giving labour to these people outside-the-system. But for that, we need to offer public AND quality education. Yet I'm conscious that a malnourished child is not going to be able to be properly educated, is he?. So what can we do to ensure that child will have a better future? It's difficult to come up with a solution, but we're in the 21st Century now, it's about time we stopped poverty.


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    Jan 5 2013: You are right, those in positions of power will not be willing to subjugate themselves to the will of the people, the cool thing is that they never have and yet the world has changed, human rights were invented, unions created themselves, democracies exist in greater numbers on a global scale (in many flavors) than have ever existed in history.

    Always these changes start with a small group of dedicated individuals forming a team to get something done and then they do it. One team learns from another and the teams grow and their impact multiplies over time.

    The world is a better place (by any measure I can imagine) moment by moment and century by century ONLY because of the unknown, unsung people who made those changes. They never asked permission and they never apologized, they just did stuff until it worked.

    Thanks for the thumbs up!
    • Jan 7 2013: You deserve the thumbs up Armistral! :)

      That's quite an inspirational text! Something to keep in mind

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