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What can governments do to end poverty in their countries? Is a solution possible under capitalism?

Hello, I come from Argentina, and in my country, poverty is an issue we still can't eradicate, even though extreme poverty has been around for many decades now.

What still baffles me is the fact that although the Government gives away money to those with reduced incomes, poverty is as bad as always. Poor people can now (at least) fulfill their basic needs, but they have now become dependant on the Govt to give them the necessary resources for life (and politicians do not care about this, since this way they can keep on "buying" their votes with cash). They don't have jobs (and some do not even bother to find one) and most still live in slums under really poor conditions. So, it's obvious this solution is only benefitial in the short run... eventually the Government is going to run out of money and we'll still have the same number of people in the streets.

Moreover, I read yesterday how India is going to start doing the same thing, but I guess that probably won't go anywhere either.

Now, what do you think is the solution to stop this vicious circle of poverty? What is your Government doing about it?

Bear in mind that Latin America has just extreme poverty levels (not as much as Africa), but still much more than the First World countries. At least in my country there is a surprisingly high number of slums (check some photos in wikipedia: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Villa_miseria )

In my opinion, emphasis should be made on giving labour to these people outside-the-system. But for that, we need to offer public AND quality education. Yet I'm conscious that a malnourished child is not going to be able to be properly educated, is he?. So what can we do to ensure that child will have a better future? It's difficult to come up with a solution, but we're in the 21st Century now, it's about time we stopped poverty.

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    Jan 3 2013: It makes you sound like a real insensitive jerk to say a lot of these people need to take responsibility for their lives and make something of themselves -- get a job -- but in an economic world, if Spain wants success, that's the reality. But who the hell am I to say that? No one, that's who.
    • Jan 3 2013: Have you ever worked a 12 hour day? The Chinese do it 6 days per week, yet they still make much less money than you do, that's all because of a history they were not a part of.
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        Jan 4 2013: I have worked a twelve hour day, staining decks in the hot sun. I got sunstroke and vomited. I feel great anguish for those poor souls. Do not make them a bargaining chip for your argument. I doesn't take long for humans to internalize oppression. That's incredibly sad, because it means that not only are poor, Chinese migrant workers being worked like dogs for abysmal pay, but their doing it without resistance. We -- the first countries to industrialize -- will always owe society's disenfranchised. We have created their human condition out of thin air by putting human lives above the rest. In southern Vermont, back in the 90s, they used to offer bounty's for coyotes because they were taking out all the rabbits. No one will deny earth is overpopulated and getting more so everyday, but it seems there is no solution. There is no fair way to systematically kill people who need to die because of choices they had no part in making. It seems this world is doomed, and so I see the next logical step in this throwaway culture we live in is not to try and save the world, no, but to use it up and abandon it, spacebound.

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