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daniel orupabo

MD, southernhouse ltd

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In what practical ways can African states tackle the issue of poverty and unemployment amongst its young people?

Many African states list their young people as a vital resource base. But very disturbing is the fact that young people in Africa are left to rot due largely to almost zero opportunity and failing structures compounded by systemic corruption. Now, for African states a wasting generation of young people is a more threatening challenge than political instability.

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  • Oct 9 2012: I did my college thesis on Uganda and have read many books on Africa. There seems to be a lot of interwoven problems in Africa that make it difficult to pinpoint any one solution, but here are my musings on the subject.
    Education and opportunities to gain experience in a profession/trade would do wonders. But as important as that is, it will be difficult for anyone to advance themselves with the government corruption and instability that plagues most African Nations. Other countries that have dealt with massive levels of government corruption and instability have had to revolt and form new, better governments. We have seen that very thing happen numerous times in Africa and a new dictator takes power and reinstitutionalizes the same sort of corruption that was recently overthrown. The corruption cycle is symptomatic of extreme poverty. Hence the reason why a dictator is removed and those taking power are instantly corrupted by the wealth suddenly available to them. If there was enough to go around then officials would likely feel less inclines to fleece the people and investors etc.
    Now, going back to education. If the people are not educated then there is little to no possibility or replacing a bad government with a good one. If education improves then perhaps the people will begin to see what possibly are available and will fight to implement a more effective form of government.
    So, here is my formula poverty creates corruption/crime which perpetuates poverty and creates more corruption/crime. Education provides opportunity and hopefully industry (which might just get overwhelmed by corruption and crime) but I really see no other way to break the vicious cycle. So ultimately my one word answer to how to fix Africa would be.....EDUCATION.

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