Is Ms. Chang's criticism of Marx valid or a reflection of where China is in relation to capitalism?
China is a country on the verge of really breaking free. And, a good part of what they are breaking free of is the oppressive communist regime. So, is Ms. Chang's criticism of Marx valid or based on where the Chinese workers currently are in terms of their development?? As China discards communism and adopts capitalism, they are indeed facing a rough road toward a bright future. Had you asked factory workers here in the US how they viewed their jobs back in the 30s through the 50s you would have heard similar stories. You don't hear them here because here capitalism has become corrupted, crony, vulture capitalism in which there is no better life that is reachable. Social mobility is the key to hope and in China social mobility (in a communist country) is readily available. In the US social mobility is more stagnant now than it has been in a hundred years.
Perhaps it is not that Marx is "wrong" so much as it is that his framework only applies at certain points in a society's development?