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## Lets reconsider the basics of several sciences. Step 1. The crust of our Earth is floating on...... On what?

Several sciences are based on incorrect assumptions.
That could be expected. We are all suffering sometimes from tunnel vision, blind spots, not-made-here, political correctness, stubbornness and so on.
So, lets have a look at some “facts”, decide what is wrong about them and leave it to the scientists to tie up the loose ends in a proper scientific way.

They told us at school: “The crust of our Earth is floating on liquid magma.”..... Is that true?
How do you tackle this question?
My way is to estimate the conditions at the underside of the tectonic plates.
First the pressure. Taking in account their thickness, the specific weight of the materials, I come to a pressure of some 20,000 bar plus or minus a few thousands.
Second the temperature. Taking in account their thickness and the temperature gradient I come to a temperature of some 2,000°C plus or minus a few hundreds.
Third, the nature of the material below the crust. If this material is liquid, then the heavier materials will sink down and the lighter materials will move up.
Given the fact that Earth is old, the segregation must have been completed long ago.
Lets look at the lighter atoms and molecules. Most of them are well above their critical point even at 1,000°C and therefor not liquid but gas. Examples are hydrogen, helium, nitrogen, sulpher, sodium and above all carbon-dioxide and water.
An average volcano emits some 500 tons CO2 per hour. There are some 1,500 active volcanoes. Add the emission of sleeping and dead volcanoes and you get a total emission of some ten billion tons CO2 each year. This has been going on for a few billion years, so the crust of our Earth is not floating on liquid lava, but is, like a hovercraft, floating on gas. A mixture of gases, so hot that they are ionized and many are dissociated.

Do you agree so far? If not, proof that I'm wrong.

Next, step 2: Voyage to the center of the Earth.

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• #### Dyed All Hues30+

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May 18 2012: How do you integrate the fact that there are areas where the earth has deep trenches? Then there is plate techtonics, what happens to the recycled earth? Does your gas theory prove a new theory about earthquakes and such?
• #### Christopher Halliwell

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May 19 2012: Ehem... Gas hypothesis
• #### Dyed All Hues30+

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May 20 2012: Hypothesis....I didn't firgure it out until just now. Thanks to Gabo, but you did mention it first, but it totally flew past my thought processis. =P
• #### Jan de Boer

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May 19 2012: Hi Derek
According to the geology books the crust of the Earth has a thickness varying between 65 and 70 km. There are deep trenches in the oceans. The mechanism of floating is that the pressure of the liquid or gas under the floating object keeps the floating object from sinking. Differences in height and differences in thickness may cause various tensions which may or may not break up the floating object. Breaking up of the crust will immediately results in volcanic activity. Generally the crust is rather stable and any important instability is immediately worldwide on tv.
When crust is pushed under a tectonic plate it will start to melt. Once molten the components will segregate according to their specific weight.
I have no new theory about earthquakes, but don't be surprised if my story will shock the world.
• #### Dyed All Hues30+

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May 20 2012: Hi Jan,

If we could drop something to test the depths of trenches, then we could figure out if the contents in those deep trenches are made of more gases or more molten liquids. If your theory is correct, then there would already be molten material residing where deep trenches are and beyond those deep trenches are gases that lift that material above, that melts the rocks. Then what would stop the gases from leaking out of those trenches and rising into the skies?

Hmm...this has me thinking if the ocean acts as a cusion to all those theoretical gases you write about....interesting.
• #### Gabo Moreno100+

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May 20 2012: It's not a theory, it's a hypothesis.
• #### Jan de Boer

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May 22 2012: Hi Derek

I'm not sure if we are still on the same line. The trenches are in the top side of the crust and are filled with seawater. The gases are under the crust, Between the two is some 60 km solid crust.
• #### Dyed All Hues30+

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May 20 2012: Oh, I see, hypothesis sounds more accurate Gabo. I haven't yet finished all my sciences in school yet, but don't let my education discredit me because my curiousity is what I give credit to. =)
• #### Jan de Boer

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May 22 2012: Hi Gabo and Derek
I prefer to call it 'a different vision'. I need a few steps to lay out the basics. Then I start to write the extrapolation and consequences.
If you wish, you might read a small story by visionair Jules Verne, title "Eternal Adam". It is a horrible and depressing story, as depressing as the reality was time and again and will be again.
And there are two very interesting books related to my subjects. "The Seven Daughters of Eve" by Bryan Sykes and "Modern Science in the Bible" by Ben Hobrink.

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